About the Authors

Magdy El-Ekiaby

Affiliation Shabrawishi Blood Bank, Shabrawishi Hospital, Cairo, Egypt

Mariángela Vargas

Affiliation Instituto Clodomiro Picado, Facultad de Microbiología, Universidad de Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica

Makram Sayed

Affiliation Environmental and Food Pollutant Laboratory, Fayoum University, Fayoum, Egypt

George Gorgy

Affiliation Shabrawishi Blood Bank, Shabrawishi Hospital, Cairo, Egypt

Hadi Goubran

Affiliation Saskatoon Cancer Center, College of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada

Mirjana Radosevic

Affiliation Human Protein Process Sciences, Lille, France

Thierry Burnouf


Affiliation Graduate Institute of Biomedical Materials and Tissue Engineering, College of Oral Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan

Competing Interests

Mirjana Radosevich is a member of Human Protein Process Sciences, a company which contributed scientifically to the development of the described method but has no financial interest. This does not alter our adherence to all PLOS NTDs policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: TB MEE MR HG. Performed the experiments: MV MS GG. Analyzed the data: TB MEE MV. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MEE TB. Wrote the paper: TB MV MEE MR.