About the Authors

Bruno Levecke

bruno.levecke@ugent.be

Affiliation Department of Virology, Parasitology and Immunology, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium

Antonio Montresor

Affiliation Department of Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

Marco Albonico

Affiliation Fondazione Ivo de Carneri, Milan, Italy

Shaali M. Ame

Affiliation Public Health Laboratory-Ivo de Carneri, Chake Chake, United Republic of Tanzania

Jerzy M. Behnke

Affiliation School of Life Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom

Jeffrey M. Bethony

Affiliation Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine, George Washington University Medical Center, Washington, D.C., United States of America

Calvine D. Noumedem

Affiliation Centre for Schistosomiasis and Parasitology, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon

Dirk Engels

Affiliation Department of Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

Bertrand Guillard

Affiliation Clinical Laboratory, Pasteur Institute, Phnom Penh, Cambodia

Andrew C. Kotze

Affiliation Division of Animal, Food and Health Sciences, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, St. Lucia, Australia

Alejandro J. Krolewiecki

Affiliation Instituto de Investigaciones en Enfermedades Tropicales, Universidad Nacional de Salta/CONICET, Oran, Argentina

James S. McCarthy

Affiliation Queensland Institute for Medical Research, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia

Zeleke Mekonnen

Affiliation Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences and Pathology, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia

Maria V. Periago

Affiliation Instituto René Rachou, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Belo Horizonte, Brazil

Hem Sopheak

Affiliation Clinical Laboratory, Pasteur Institute, Phnom Penh, Cambodia

Louis-Albert Tchuem-Tchuenté

Affiliation Centre for Schistosomiasis and Parasitology, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon

Tran Thanh Duong

Affiliation Department of Parasitology, National Institute of Malariology, Parasitology and Entomology, Ha Noi, Vietnam

Nguyen Thu Huong

Affiliation Department of Parasitology, National Institute of Malariology, Parasitology and Entomology, Ha Noi, Vietnam

Ahmed Zeynudin

Affiliation Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences and Pathology, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia

Jozef Vercruysse

Affiliation Department of Virology, Parasitology and Immunology, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: BL AM MA JMBeh DE ACK JSM AM JV. Performed the experiments: SMA JMBet CDN BG AJK ZM MVP HS LATT TTD NTH AZ. Analyzed the data: BL. Wrote the paper: BL AM JMBeh ACK JSM MA AJK JV.