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March 2021

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The COVID-19 pandemic has wrought an enormous toll of ill health and mortality on the world's population, and transformed the lives of many. Broader consequences in terms of the serious disruptions to medical care, education, economic activity and other fundamental societal functions are already evident in many countries, and the thoughts of researchers, policy makers and others are turning to the task of rebuilding and reimagining prospects for medicine and global health post-pandemic. In this month's Editorial, Michael Reid and co-authors introduce a Collection on global health in the post-COVID-19 era, discussing key topics including the path to universal health coverage and strengthening preparations for future pandemics.

Image Credit: Guwahati: COVID-19 pandemic relief services, Flickr

Editorial

Guidelines and Guidance

The PRISMA 2020 statement: An updated guideline for reporting systematic reviews

Matthew J. Page, Joanne E. McKenzie, Patrick M. Bossuyt, Isabelle Boutron, Tammy C. Hoffmann, Cynthia D. Mulrow, Larissa Shamseer, Jennifer M. Tetzlaff, Elie A. Akl, Sue E. Brennan, Roger Chou, Julie Glanville, Jeremy M. Grimshaw, Asbjørn Hróbjartsson, Manoj M. Lalu, Tianjing Li, Elizabeth W. Loder, Evan Mayo-Wilson, Steve McDonald, Luke A. McGuinness, Lesley A. Stewart, James Thomas, Andrea C. Tricco, Vivian A. Welch, Penny Whiting, David Moher

Research Articles

Global burden of influenza-associated lower respiratory tract infections and hospitalizations among adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Kathryn E. Lafond, Rachael M. Porter, Melissa J. Whaley, Zhou Suizan, Zhang Ran, Mohammad Abdul Aleem, Binay Thapa, Borann Sar, Viviana Sotomayor Proschle, Zhibin Peng, Luzhao Feng, Daouda Coulibaly, Edith Nkwembe, Alfredo Olmedo, William Ampofo, Siddhartha Saha, Mandeep Chadha, Amalya Mangiri, Vivi Setiawaty, Sami Sheikh Ali, Sandra S. Chaves, Dinagul Otorbaeva, Onechanh Keosavanh, Majd Saleh, Antonia Ho, Burmaa Alexander, Hicham Oumzil, Kedar Prasad Baral, Q. Sue Huang, Adedeji A. Adebayo, Idris Al-Abaidani, Marta von Horoch, Cheryl Cohen, Stefano Tempia, Vida Mmbaga, Malinee Chittaganpitch, Mariana Casal, Duc Anh Dang, Paula Couto, Harish Nair, Joseph S. Bresee, Sonja J. Olsen, Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner, J. Pekka Nuorti, Marc-Alain Widdowson, Global Respiratory Hospitalizations–Influenza Proportion Positive (GRIPP) Working Group

Early versus deferred anti-SARS-CoV-2 convalescent plasma in patients admitted for COVID-19: A randomized phase II clinical trial

María Elvira Balcells, Luis Rojas, Nicole Le Corre, Constanza Martínez-Valdebenito, María Elena Ceballos, Marcela Ferrés, Mayling Chang, Cecilia Vizcaya, Sebastián Mondaca, Álvaro Huete, Ricardo Castro, Mauricio Sarmiento, Luis Villarroel, Alejandra Pizarro, Patricio Ross, Jaime Santander, Bárbara Lara, Marcela Ferrada, Sergio Vargas-Salas, Carolina Beltrán-Pavez, Ricardo Soto-Rifo, Fernando Valiente-Echeverría, Christian Caglevic, Mauricio Mahave, Carolina Selman, Raimundo Gazitúa, José Luis Briones, Franz Villarroel-Espindola, Carlos Balmaceda, Manuel A. Espinoza, Jaime Pereira, Bruno Nervi

Cardiovascular disease risk profile and management practices in 45 low-income and middle-income countries: A cross-sectional study of nationally representative individual-level survey data

David Peiris, Arpita Ghosh, Jennifer Manne-Goehler, Lindsay M. Jaacks, Michaela Theilmann, Maja E. Marcus, Zhaxybay Zhumadilov, Lindiwe Tsabedze, Adil Supiyev, Bahendeka K. Silver, Abla M. Sibai, Bolormaa Norov, Mary T. Mayige, Joao S. Martins, Nuno Lunet, Demetre Labadarios, Jutta M. A. Jorgensen, Corine Houehanou, David Guwatudde, Mongal S. Gurung, Albertino Damasceno, Krishna K. Aryal, Glennis Andall-Brereton, Kokou Agoudavi, Briar McKenzie, Jacqui Webster, Rifat Atun, Till Bärnighausen, Sebastian Vollmer, Justine I. Davies, Pascal Geldsetzer

Applicability and cost-effectiveness of the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT) in the Chinese population: A cost-effectiveness modeling study

Chao Li, Kangyu Chen, Victoria Cornelius, Ewan Tomeny, Yang Wang, Xiaowei Yang, Xiaodan Yuan, Rui Qin, Dahai Yu, Zhenqiang Wu, Duolao Wang, Tao Chen

Diagnostic accuracy of cervical cancer screening and screening–triage strategies among women living with HIV-1 in Burkina Faso and South Africa: A cohort study

Helen A. Kelly, Admire Chikandiwa, Bernard Sawadogo, Clare Gilham, Pamela Michelow, Olga Goumbri Lompo, Tanvier Omar, Souleymane Zan, Precious Magooa, Michel Segondy, Nicolas Nagot, Nicolas Meda, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe, Philippe Mayaud, for the HARP Study Group

Probabilistic seasonal dengue forecasting in Vietnam: A modelling study using superensembles

Felipe J. Colón-González, Leonardo Soares Bastos, Barbara Hofmann, Alison Hopkin, Quillon Harpham, Tom Crocker, Rosanna Amato, Iacopo Ferrario, Francesca Moschini, Samuel James, Sajni Malde, Eleanor Ainscoe, Vu Sinh Nam, Dang Quang Tan, Nguyen Duc Khoa, Mark Harrison, Gina Tsarouchi, Darren Lumbroso, Oliver J. Brady, Rachel Lowe

Cardiometabolic risk factors for COVID-19 susceptibility and severity: A Mendelian randomization analysis

Aaron Leong, Joanne B. Cole, Laura N. Brenner, James B. Meigs, Jose C. Florez, Josep M. Mercader

Human papillomavirus vaccination for adults aged 30 to 45 years in the United States: A cost-effectiveness analysis

Jane J. Kim, Kate T. Simms, James Killen, Megan A. Smith, Emily A. Burger, Stephen Sy, Catherine Regan, Karen Canfell

Factors associated with suicide risk among Chinese adults: A prospective cohort study of 0.5 million individuals

Rongqin Yu, Yiping Chen, Liming Li, Junshi Chen, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Jun Lv, Canqing Yu, Xianmin Xie, Dan Huang, Zhengming Chen, Seena Fazel

Parental death in childhood and pathways to increased mortality across the life course in Stockholm, Sweden: A cohort study

Ayako Hiyoshi, Lisa Berg, Alessandra Grotta, Ylva Almquist, Mikael Rostila

The potential shared role of inflammation in insulin resistance and schizophrenia: A bidirectional two-sample mendelian randomization study

Benjamin I. Perry, Stephen Burgess, Hannah J. Jones, Stan Zammit, Rachel Upthegrove, Amy M. Mason, Felix R. Day, Claudia Langenberg, Nicholas J. Wareham, Peter B. Jones, Golam M. Khandaker

Evaluation of the Arabin cervical pessary for prevention of preterm birth in women with a twin pregnancy and short cervix (STOPPIT-2): An open-label randomised trial and updated meta-analysis

Jane E. Norman, John Norrie, Graeme MacLennan, David Cooper, Sonia Whyte, Sue Chowdhry, Sarah Cunningham-Burley, Xue W. Mei, Joel B. E. Smith, Andrew Shennan, Stephen C. Robson, Steven Thornton, Mark D. Kilby, Neil Marlow, Sarah J. Stock, Phillip R. Bennett, Jane Denton, on behalf of the STOPPIT-2 collaborative group

Variation in HIV care and treatment outcomes by facility in South Africa, 2011–2015: A cohort study

Jacob Bor, Anna Gage, Dorina Onoya, Mhairi Maskew, Yorghos Tripodis, Matthew P. Fox, Adrian Puren, Sergio Carmona, Koleka Mlisana, William MacLeod

Correction

Correction: Diagnostic performance of congestion score index evaluated from chest radiography for acute heart failure in the emergency department: A retrospective analysis from the PARADISE cohort

Masatake Kobayashi, Amine Douair, Kevin Duarte, Déborah Jaeger, Gaetan Giacomin, Adrien Bassand, Victor Jeangeorges, Laure Abensur Vuillaume, Gregoire Preud’homme, Olivier Huttin, Faiez Zannad, Patrick Rossignol, Tahar Chouihed, Nicolas Girerd

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