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Table of Contents

January 2021

The serious and widespread health impacts of non-communicable diseases, including obesity, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, are well-recognized in many parts of the world, affecting populations in developing as well as developed countries. To complement efforts to treat and mitigate individual diseases, behavior change involving food and drink consumption, physical activity and other aspects of our lives will need to play a key part in achieving reductions in the causal pathways leading to non-communicable diseases. In a Perspective article, Barry Popkin and Shu Wen Ng discuss potential benefits and possible limitations of the strategy of taxation to reduce consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, as implemented in different countries' disease prevention programs.

Image Credit: Caff Williams, Flickr


Research Articles

Community Occupational Therapy for people with dementia and family carers (COTiD-UK) versus treatment as usual (Valuing Active Life in Dementia [VALID]) study: A single-blind, randomised controlled trial

Jennifer Wenborn, Aidan G. O’Keeffe, Gail Mountain, Esme Moniz-Cook, Michael King, Rumana Z. Omar, Jacqueline Mundy, Jane Burgess, Fiona Poland, Stephen Morris, Elena Pizzo, Myrra Vernooij-Dassen, David Challis, Susan Michie, Ian Russell, Catherine Sackley, Maud Graff, Tom Swinson, Nadia Crellin, Sinéad Hynes, Jacki Stansfeld, Martin Orrell

Novel community health worker strategy for HIV service engagement in a hyperendemic community in Rakai, Uganda: A pragmatic, cluster-randomized trial

Larry W. Chang, Ismail Mbabali, Heidi Hutton, K. Rivet Amico, Xiangrong Kong, Jeremiah Mulamba, Aggrey Anok, Joseph Ssekasanvu, Amanda Long, Alvin G. Thomas, Kristin Thomas, Eva Bugos, Rose Pollard, Kimiko van Wickle, Caitlin E. Kennedy, Fred Nalugoda, David Serwadda, Robert C. Bollinger, Thomas C. Quinn, Steven J. Reynolds, Ronald H. Gray, Maria J. Wawer, Gertrude Nakigozi

Clean air actions in China, PM2.5 exposure, and household medical expenditures: A quasi-experimental study

Tao Xue, Tong Zhu, Wei Peng, Tianjia Guan, Shiqiu Zhang, Yixuan Zheng, Guannan Geng, Qiang Zhang

Associations between breast cancer survivorship and adverse mental health outcomes: A matched population-based cohort study in the United Kingdom

Helena Carreira, Rachael Williams, Garth Funston, Susannah Stanway, Krishnan Bhaskaran

Effects on childhood infections of promoting safe and hygienic complementary-food handling practices through a community-based programme: A cluster randomised controlled trial in a rural area of The Gambia

Semira Manaseki-Holland, Buba Manjang, Karla Hemming, James T. Martin, Christopher Bradley, Louise Jackson, Makie Taal, Om Prasad Gautam, Francesca Crowe, Bakary Sanneh, Jeroen Ensink, Tim Stokes, Sandy Cairncross

Clinical outcomes in a primary-level non-communicable disease programme for Syrian refugees and the host population in Jordan: A cohort analysis using routine data

Éimhín Ansbro, Tobias Homan, David Prieto Merino, Kiran Jobanputra, Jamil Qasem, Shoaib Muhammad, Taissir Fardous, Pablo Perel

Carfilzomib, lenalidomide, dexamethasone, and cyclophosphamide (KRdc) as induction therapy for transplant-eligible, newly diagnosed multiple myeloma patients (Myeloma XI+): Interim analysis of an open-label randomised controlled trial

Graham H. Jackson, Charlotte Pawlyn, David A. Cairns, Ruth M. de Tute, Anna Hockaday, Corinne Collett, John R. Jones, Bhuvan Kishore, Mamta Garg, Cathy D. Williams, Kamaraj Karunanithi, Jindriska Lindsay, Alberto Rocci, John A. Snowden, Matthew W. Jenner, Gordon Cook, Nigel H. Russell, Mark T. Drayson, Walter M. Gregory, Martin F. Kaiser, Roger G. Owen, Faith E. Davies, Gareth J. Morgan, the UK NCRI Haemato-oncology Clinical Studies Group

Interpersonal psychotherapy delivered by nonspecialists for depression and posttraumatic stress disorder among Kenyan HIV–positive women affected by gender-based violence: Randomized controlled trial

Susan M. Meffert, Thomas C. Neylan, Charles E. McCulloch, Kelly Blum, Craig R. Cohen, Elizabeth A. Bukusi, Helen Verdeli, John C. Markowitz, James G. Kahn, David Bukusi, Harsha Thirumurthy, Grace Rota, Ray Rota, Grace Oketch, Elizabeth Opiyo, Linnet Ongeri

Mindfulness-based programmes for mental health promotion in adults in nonclinical settings: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

Julieta Galante, Claire Friedrich, Anna F Dawson, Marta Modrego-Alarcón, Pia Gebbing, Irene Delgado-Suárez, Radhika Gupta, Lydia Dean, Tim Dalgleish, Ian R White, Peter B Jones

Estimating HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis need and impact in Malawi, Mozambique and Zambia: A geospatial and risk-based analysis

Dominik Stelzle, Peter Godfrey-Faussett, Chuan Jia, Obreniokibo Amiesimaka, Mary Mahy, Delivette Castor, Ioannis Hodges-Mameletzis, Lastone Chitembo, Rachel Baggaley, Shona Dalal

Plasma proteins associated with cardiovascular death in patients with chronic coronary heart disease: A retrospective study

Lars Wallentin, Niclas Eriksson, Maciej Olszowka, Tanja B. Grammer, Emil Hagström, Claes Held, Marcus E. Kleber, Wolfgang Koenig, Winfried März, Ralph A. H. Stewart, Harvey D. White, Mikael Åberg, Agneta Siegbahn

Multimorbidity combinations, costs of hospital care and potentially preventable emergency admissions in England: A cohort study

Jonathan Stokes, Bruce Guthrie, Stewart W. Mercer, Nigel Rice, Matt Sutton

Recognition and management of community-acquired acute kidney injury in low-resource settings in the ISN 0by25 trial: A multi-country feasibility study

Etienne Macedo, Ulla Hemmila, Sanjib Kumar Sharma, Rolando Claure-Del Granado, Henry Mzinganjira, Emmanuel A. Burdmann, Jorge Cerdá, John Feehally, Fredric Finkelstein, Guillermo García-García, Vivekanand Jha, Norbert H. Lameire, Euyhyun Lee, Nathan W. Levin, Andrew Lewington, Raúl Lombardi, Michael V. Rocco, Eliah Aronoff-Spencer, Marcello Tonelli, Karen Yeates, Giuseppe Remuzzi, Ravindra L. Mehta, for the ISN 0by25 Trial Study Group

Polygenic risk scores in cardiovascular risk prediction: A cohort study and modelling analyses

Luanluan Sun, Lisa Pennells, Stephen Kaptoge, Christopher P. Nelson, Scott C. Ritchie, Gad Abraham, Matthew Arnold, Steven Bell, Thomas Bolton, Stephen Burgess, Frank Dudbridge, Qi Guo, Eleni Sofianopoulou, David Stevens, John R. Thompson, Adam S. Butterworth, Angela Wood, John Danesh, Nilesh J. Samani, Michael Inouye, Emanuele Di Angelantonio

Risk of developing active tuberculosis following tuberculosis screening and preventive therapy for Tibetan refugee children and adolescents in India: An impact assessment

Kunchok Dorjee, Sonam Topgyal, Tenzin Tsewang, Tenzin Tsundue, Tenzin Namdon, Elizabeth Bonomo, Caroline Kensler, Dekyi Lhadon, Tsering Choetso, Tenzin Nangsel, Tsering Dolkar, Thupten Tsekyi, Chungdak Dorjee, Dawa Phunkyi, Tsetan D. Sadutshang, Zorba Paster, Richard E. Chaisson

Associations of maternal dietary inflammatory potential and quality with offspring birth outcomes: An individual participant data pooled analysis of 7 European cohorts in the ALPHABET consortium

Ling-Wei Chen, Adrien M. Aubert, Nitin Shivappa, Jonathan Y. Bernard, Sara M. Mensink-Bout, Aisling A. Geraghty, John Mehegan, Matthew Suderman, Kinga Polanska, Wojciech Hanke, Elzbieta Trafalska, Caroline L. Relton, Sarah R. Crozier, Nicholas C. Harvey, Cyrus Cooper, Liesbeth Duijts, Barbara Heude, James R. Hébert, Fionnuala M. McAuliffe, Cecily C. Kelleher, Catherine M. Phillips

Evaluation of oral dextrose gel for prevention of neonatal hypoglycemia (hPOD): A multicenter, double-blind randomized controlled trial

Jane E. Harding, Joanne E. Hegarty, Caroline A. Crowther, Richard P. Edlin, Gregory D. Gamble, Jane M. Alsweiler, for the hPOD Study Group


Correction: The World Health Organization Fetal Growth Charts: A Multinational Longitudinal Study of Ultrasound Biometric Measurements and Estimated Fetal Weight

Torvid Kiserud, Gilda Piaggio, Guillermo Carroli, Mariana Widmer, José Carvalho, Lisa Neerup Jensen, Daniel Giordano, José Guilherme Cecatti, Hany Abdel Aleem, Sameera A. Talegawkar, Alexandra Benachi, Anke Diemert, Antoinette Tshefu Kitoto, Jadsada Thinkhamrop, Pisake Lumbiganon, Ann Tabor, Alka Kriplani, Rogelio Gonzalez Perez, Kurt Hecher, Mark A. Hanson, A. Metin Gülmezoglu, Lawrence D. Platt

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