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Table of Contents

December 2019

Rigorous testing in randomized controlled trials and other research designs yields evidence that medical and health interventions can be beneficial. However, it is well known that achieving commensurate real-world benefits may be more challenging, whether in an individual patient with comorbidities, for instance, or in a country setting where unpredictable secular factors may impact on the effectiveness of health interventions.

In this month's Editorial, Elvin Geng and co-authors discuss the role of adaptation in implementing effective therapies for prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS, aiming to understand and meet patient preferences and to overcome barriers to delivering care in specific contexts.

Image Credit: jarmoluk, Pixabay


Personalized public health: An implementation research agenda for the HIV response and beyond

Elvin H. Geng, Charles B. Holmes, Mosa Moshabela, Izukanji Sikazwe, Maya L. Petersen

Collection Review

The importance of adherence in tuberculosis treatment clinical trials and its relevance in explanatory and pragmatic trials

Andrew Vernon, Katherine Fielding, Rada Savic, Lori Dodd, Payam Nahid

Research Articles

Maternal prescribed opioid analgesic use during pregnancy and associations with adverse birth outcomes: A population-based study

Ayesha C. Sujan, Patrick D. Quinn, Martin E. Rickert, Kelsey K. Wiggs, Paul Lichtenstein, Henrik Larsson, Catarina Almqvist, A. Sara Öberg, Brian M. D’Onofrio

Pubertal timing and adult fracture risk in men: A population-based cohort study

Liesbeth Vandenput, Jenny M. Kindblom, Maria Bygdell, Maria Nethander, Claes Ohlsson

Antenatal magnesium sulphate and adverse neonatal outcomes: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Emily Shepherd, Rehana A. Salam, Deepak Manhas, Anne Synnes, Philippa Middleton, Maria Makrides, Caroline A. Crowther

Elective and nonelective cesarean section and obesity among young adult male offspring: A Swedish population–based cohort study

Viktor H. Ahlqvist, Margareta Persson, Cecilia Magnusson, Daniel Berglind

Executive task-based brain function in children with type 1 diabetes: An observational study

Lara C. Foland-Ross, Bruce Buckingam, Nelly Mauras, Ana Maria Arbelaez, William V. Tamborlane, Eva Tsalikian, Allison Cato, Gabby Tong, Kimberly Englert, Paul K. Mazaika, Allan L. Reiss, for the Diabetes Research in Children Network (DirecNet)

Homogeneity in the association of body mass index with type 2 diabetes across the UK Biobank: A Mendelian randomization study

Michael Wainberg, Anubha Mahajan, Anshul Kundaje, Mark I. McCarthy, Erik Ingelsson, Nasa Sinnott-Armstrong, Manuel A. Rivas

Incidence of maternal peripartum infection: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Susannah L. Woodd, Ana Montoya, Maria Barreix, Li Pi, Clara Calvert, Andrea M. Rehman, Doris Chou, Oona M. R. Campbell

The projected impact of geographic targeting of oral cholera vaccination in sub-Saharan Africa: A modeling study

Elizabeth C. Lee, Andrew S. Azman, Joshua Kaminsky, Sean M. Moore, Heather S. McKay, Justin Lessler

Performance of the Access Bio/CareStart rapid diagnostic test for the detection of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Benedikt Ley, Ari Winasti Satyagraha, Hisni Rahmat, Michael E. von Fricken, Nicholas M. Douglas, Daniel A. Pfeffer, Fe Espino, Lorenz von Seidlein, Gisela Henriques, Nwe Nwe Oo, Didier Menard, Sunil Parikh, Germana Bancone, Amalia Karahalios, Ric N. Price

Cardiometabolic disease costs associated with suboptimal diet in the United States: A cost analysis based on a microsimulation model

Thiago Veiga Jardim, Dariush Mozaffarian, Shafika Abrahams-Gessel, Stephen Sy, Yujin Lee, Junxiu Liu, Yue Huang, Colin Rehm, Parke Wilde, Renata Micha, Thomas A. Gaziano

Mental disorders and intimate partner violence perpetrated by men towards women: A Swedish population-based longitudinal study

Rongqin Yu, Alejo J. Nevado-Holgado, Yasmina Molero, Brian M. D’Onofrio, Henrik Larsson, Louise M. Howard, Seena Fazel

Polygenic risk-tailored screening for prostate cancer: A benefit–harm and cost-effectiveness modelling study

Tom Callender, Mark Emberton, Steve Morris, Ros Eeles, Zsofia Kote-Jarai, Paul D. P. Pharoah, Nora Pashayan

Association of body mass index and cardiotoxicity related to anthracyclines and trastuzumab in early breast cancer: French CANTO cohort study

Elisé G. Kaboré, Charles Guenancia, Ines Vaz-Luis, Antonio Di Meglio, Barbara Pistilli, Charles Coutant, Paul Cottu, Anne Lesur, Thierry Petit, Florence Dalenc, Philippe Rouanet, Antoine Arnaud, Olivier Arsene, Mahmoud Ibrahim, Johanna Wassermann, Geneviève Boileau-Jolimoy, Anne-Laure Martin, Jérôme Lemonnier, Fabrice André, Patrick Arveux

The 2016 California policy to eliminate nonmedical vaccine exemptions and changes in vaccine coverage: An empirical policy analysis

Sindiso Nyathi, Hannah C. Karpel, Kristin L. Sainani, Yvonne Maldonado, Peter J. Hotez, Eran Bendavid, Nathan C. Lo

Nitroglycerin for treatment of retained placenta: A randomised, placebo-controlled, multicentre, double-blind trial in the UK

Fiona C. Denison, Kathryn F. Carruthers, Jemma Hudson, Gladys McPherson, Gin Nie Chua, Mathilde Peace, Jane Brewin, Nina Hallowell, Graham Scotland, Julia Lawton, John Norrie, Jane E. Norman, GOT-IT investigator team

Association between gestational weight gain and severe adverse birth outcomes in Washington State, US: A population-based retrospective cohort study, 2004–2013

U. Vivian Ukah, Hamideh Bayrampour, Yasser Sabr, Neda Razaz, Wee-Shian Chan, Kenneth I. Lim, Sarka Lisonkova

Adherence to the 2017 French dietary guidelines and adult weight gain: A cohort study

Dan Chaltiel, Chantal Julia, Moufidath Adjibade, Mathilde Touvier, Serge Hercberg, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot

Variability in the use of pulse oximeters with children in Kenyan hospitals: A mixed-methods analysis

Abigail J. Enoch, Mike English, the Clinical Information Network, Gerald McGivern, Sasha Shepperd

Opioid-related treatment, interventions, and outcomes among incarcerated persons: A systematic review

Monica Malta, Thepikaa Varatharajan, Cayley Russell, Michelle Pang, Sarah Bonato, Benedikt Fischer

Chemotherapy effectiveness in trial-underrepresented groups with early breast cancer: A retrospective cohort study

Ewan Gray, Joachim Marti, Jeremy C. Wyatt, David H. Brewster, Peter S. Hall, SATURNE advisory group

Ambient particulate matter pollution and adult hospital admissions for pneumonia in urban China: A national time series analysis for 2014 through 2017

Yaohua Tian, Hui Liu, Yiqun Wu, Yaqin Si, Man Li, Yao Wu, Xiaowen Wang, Mengying Wang, Libo Chen, Chen Wei, Tao Wu, Pei Gao, Yonghua Hu

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