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Table of Contents

July 2018

July's issue of PLOS Medicine includes a special issue on climate change and health. Included in this exciting issue are papers focusing on heatwaves and mortality or morbidity; the impact of air conditioning on greenhouse gas emissions; wildfires and health impacts; health sector contributions to emissions; the effects of increased CO2 on crop nutrients; the occurrence of sewage in urban water supplies as a consequence of rainwater surge; and modelling studies focusing on dengue risk in small island states. The Guest Editors Jonathan Patz (Global Health Institute, University of Wisconsin-Madison) and Madeleine Thomson (International Research Institute for Climate and Society, Columbia University) discuss the papers in their Editorial and reveal how these papers provide an important and compelling advance to the field of climate change and health.

Image Credit: Akuppa John Wigham, Flickr; California National Guard, Flickr

Editorial

Climate change and health: Moving from theory to practice

Jonathan A. Patz, Madeleine C. Thomson

Perspectives

Climate change, urban health, and the promotion of health equity

Jerald A. Fagliano, Ana V. Diez Roux

Prioritizing the needs of children in a changing climate

Lawrence R. Stanberry, Madeleine C. Thomson, Wilmot James

Policy Forum

Climate change and women's health: Impacts and policy directions

Cecilia Sorensen, Virginia Murray, Jay Lemery, John Balbus

Research Articles

Adherence interventions and outcomes of tuberculosis treatment: A systematic review and meta-analysis of trials and observational studies

Narges Alipanah, Leah Jarlsberg, Cecily Miller, Nguyen Nhat Linh, Dennis Falzon, Ernesto Jaramillo, Payam Nahid

Future ozone-related acute excess mortality under climate and population change scenarios in China: A modeling study

Kai Chen, Arlene M. Fiore, Renjie Chen, Leiwen Jiang, Bryan Jones, Alexandra Schneider, Annette Peters, Jun Bi, Haidong Kan, Patrick L. Kinney

Estimating the costs of air pollution to the National Health Service and social care: An assessment and forecast up to 2035

Laura Pimpin, Lise Retat, Daniela Fecht, Laure de Preux, Franco Sassi, John Gulliver, Annalisa Belloni, Brian Ferguson, Emily Corbould, Abbygail Jaccard, Laura Webber

Carbon trading, co-pollutants, and environmental equity: Evidence from California’s cap-and-trade program (2011–2015)

Lara Cushing, Dan Blaustein-Rejto, Madeline Wander, Manuel Pastor, James Sadd, Allen Zhu, Rachel Morello-Frosch

Related Articles

Reduced cognitive function during a heat wave among residents of non-air-conditioned buildings: An observational study of young adults in the summer of 2016

Jose Guillermo Cedeño Laurent, Augusta Williams, Youssef Oulhote, Antonella Zanobetti, Joseph G. Allen, John D. Spengler

Treatment and outcomes in children with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis: A systematic review and individual patient data meta-analysis

Elizabeth P. Harausz, Anthony J. Garcia-Prats, Stephanie Law, H. Simon Schaaf, Tamara Kredo, James A. Seddon, Dick Menzies, Anna Turkova, Jay Achar, Farhana Amanullah, Pennan Barry, Mercedes Becerra, Edward D. Chan, Pei Chun Chan, Domnica Ioana Chiotan, Aldo Crossa, Peter C. Drobac, Lee Fairlie, Dennis Falzon, Jennifer Flood, Medea Gegia, Robert M. Hicks, Petros Isaakidis, SM Kadri, Beate Kampmann, Shabir A. Madhi, Else Marais, Andrei Mariandyshev, Ana Méndez-Echevarría, Brittany Kathryn Moore, Parpieva Nargiza, Iveta Ozere, Nesri Padayatchi, Saleem- ur-Rehman, Natasha Rybak, Begoña Santiago-Garcia, N. Sarita Shah, Sangeeta Sharma, Tae Sun Shim, Alena Skrahina, Antoni Soriano-Arandes, Martin van den Boom, Marieke J. van der Werf, Tjip S. van der Werf, Bhanu Williams, Elena Yablokova, Jae-Joon Yim, Jennifer Furin, Anneke C. Hesseling, for the Collaborative Group for Meta-Analysis of Paediatric Individual Patient Data in MDR-TB

Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine for intermittent preventive treatment of malaria during pregnancy and risk of malaria in early childhood: A randomized controlled trial

Prasanna Jagannathan, Abel Kakuru, Jaffer Okiring, Mary K. Muhindo, Paul Natureeba, Miriam Nakalembe, Bishop Opira, Peter Olwoch, Felistas Nankya, Isaac Ssewanyana, Kevin Tetteh, Chris Drakeley, James Beeson, Linda Reiling, Tamara D. Clark, Isabel Rodriguez-Barraquer, Bryan Greenhouse, Erika Wallender, Francesca Aweeka, Mary Prahl, Edwin D. Charlebois, Margaret E. Feeney, Diane V. Havlir, Moses R. Kamya, Grant Dorsey

Improving rational use of ACTs through diagnosis-dependent subsidies: Evidence from a cluster-randomized controlled trial in western Kenya

Wendy Prudhomme O’Meara, Diana Menya, Jeremiah Laktabai, Alyssa Platt, Indrani Saran, Elisa Maffioli, Joseph Kipkoech, Manoj Mohanan, Elizabeth L. Turner

Short-term association between ambient temperature and acute myocardial infarction hospitalizations for diabetes mellitus patients: A time series study

Holly Ching Yu Lam, Juliana Chung Ngor Chan, Andrea On Yan Luk, Emily Ying Yang Chan, William Bernard Goggins

Nonlinear and delayed impacts of climate on dengue risk in Barbados: A modelling study

Rachel Lowe, Antonio Gasparrini, Cédric J. Van Meerbeeck, Catherine A. Lippi, Roché Mahon, Adrian R. Trotman, Leslie Rollock, Avery Q. J. Hinds, Sadie J. Ryan, Anna M. Stewart-Ibarra

Associations between birth characteristics and age-related cognitive impairment and dementia: A registry-based cohort study

Miriam A. Mosing, Cecilia Lundholm, Sven Cnattingius, Margaret Gatz, Nancy L. Pedersen

Sexual transmission of Zika virus and other flaviviruses: A living systematic review

Michel Jacques Counotte, Caron Rahn Kim, Jingying Wang, Kyle Bernstein, Carolyn D. Deal, Nathalie Jeanne Nicole Broutet, Nicola Low

High levels of sewage contamination released from urban areas after storm events: A quantitative survey with sewage specific bacterial indicators

Hayley T. Olds, Steven R. Corsi, Deborah K. Dila, Katherine M. Halmo, Melinda J. Bootsma, Sandra L. McLellan

Neurodevelopmental disorders in children aged 2–9 years: Population-based burden estimates across five regions in India

Narendra K. Arora, M. K. C. Nair, Sheffali Gulati, Vaishali Deshmukh, Archisman Mohapatra, Devendra Mishra, Vikram Patel, Ravindra M. Pandey, Bhagabati C. Das, Gauri Divan, G. V. S. Murthy, Thakur D. Sharma, Savita Sapra, Satinder Aneja, Monica Juneja, Sunanda K. Reddy, Praveen Suman, Sharmila B. Mukherjee, Rajib Dasgupta, Poma Tudu, Manoja K. Das, Vinod K. Bhutani, Maureen S. Durkin, Jennifer Pinto-Martin, Donald H. Silberberg, Rajesh Sagar, Faruqueuddin Ahmed, Nandita Babu, Sandeep Bavdekar, Vijay Chandra, Zia Chaudhuri, Tanuj Dada, Rashna Dass, M. Gourie-Devi, S. Remadevi, Jagdish C. Gupta, Kumud K. Handa, Veena Kalra, Sunil Karande, Ramesh Konanki, Madhuri Kulkarni, Rashmi Kumar, Arti Maria, Muneer A. Masoodi, Manju Mehta, Santosh Kumar Mohanty, Harikumaran Nair, Poonam Natarajan, A. K. Niswade, Atul Prasad, Sanjay K. Rai, Paul S. S. Russell, Rohit Saxena, Shobha Sharma, Arun K. Singh, Gautam B. Singh, Leena Sumaraj, Saradha Suresh, Alok Thakar, Sujatha Parthasarathy, Bhadresh Vyas, Ansuman Panigrahi, Munish K. Saroch, Rajan Shukla, K. V. Raghava Rao, Maria P. Silveira, Samiksha Singh, Vivek Vajaratkar

Reducing the burden of dizziness in middle-aged and older people: A multifactorial, tailored, single-blind randomized controlled trial

Jasmine C. Menant, Americo A. Migliaccio, Daina L. Sturnieks, Cameron Hicks, Joanne Lo, Mayna Ratanapongleka, Jessica Turner, Kim Delbaere, Nickolai Titov, Daniela Meinrath, Catherine McVeigh, Jacqueline C. T. Close, Stephen R. Lord

Development of the Impacts of Cycling Tool (ICT): A modelling study and web tool for evaluating health and environmental impacts of cycling uptake

James Woodcock, Ali Abbas, Alvaro Ullrich, Marko Tainio, Robin Lovelace, Thiago H. Sá, Kate Westgate, Anna Goodman

Quantifying excess deaths related to heatwaves under climate change scenarios: A multicountry time series modelling study

Yuming Guo, Antonio Gasparrini, Shanshan Li, Francesco Sera, Ana Maria Vicedo-Cabrera, Micheline de Sousa Zanotti Stagliorio Coelho, Paulo Hilario Nascimento Saldiva, Eric Lavigne, Benjawan Tawatsupa, Kornwipa Punnasiri, Ala Overcenco, Patricia Matus Correa, Nicolas Valdes Ortega, Haidong Kan, Samuel Osorio, Jouni J. K. Jaakkola, Niilo R. I. Ryti, Patrick G. Goodman, Ariana Zeka, Paola Michelozzi, Matteo Scortichini, Masahiro Hashizume, Yasushi Honda, Xerxes Seposo, Ho Kim, Aurelio Tobias, Carmen Íñiguez, Bertil Forsberg, Daniel Oudin Åström, Yue Leon Guo, Bing-Yu Chen, Antonella Zanobetti, Joel Schwartz, Tran Ngoc Dang, Dung Do Van, Michelle L. Bell, Ben Armstrong, Kristie L. Ebi, Shilu Tong