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Table of Contents

August 2016

Dementia is a growing problem, with 46.8 million cases worldwide in 2015 and over 131.5 million people estimated to be living with the condition by 2050. With 71% of those cases predicted to be in low- or middle-income countries, it is also a global problem. In this month's Editorial, we highlight the need for research informing dementia from all angles: identifying risk factors, understanding variation in types, evaluating interventions, developing diagnosis and screening strategies, and exploring its societal impact. We invite submission of research studies to PLOS Medicine for our Special Issue on Dementia to be published in early 2017, with Drs. Carol Brayne and Bruce Miller serving as Guest Editors.

Image Credit: dierk schaefer, Flickr

Essay

Make Data Sharing Routine to Prepare for Public Health Emergencies

Jean-Paul Chretien, Caitlin M. Rivers, Michael A. Johansson

Health in Action

Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis Treatment in North Korea: Is Scale-Up Possible?

Kwonjune J. Seung, Molly Franke, Stephen W. Linton

Policy Forums

Transitioning to Country Ownership of HIV Programs in Rwanda

Agnes Binagwaho, Ida Kankindi, Eugenie Kayirangwa, Jean Pierre Nyemazi, Sabin Nsanzimana, Fernando Morales, Rose Kadende-Kaiser, Kirstin Woody Scott, Veronicah Mugisha, Ruben Sahabo, Cyprien Baribwira, Leia Isanhart, Anita Asiimwe, Wafaa M. El-Sadr, Pratima L. Raghunathan

Accelerating the Uptake and Timing of Antiretroviral Therapy Initiation in Sub-Saharan Africa: An Operations Research Agenda

Sydney Rosen, Matthew P. Fox, Bruce A. Larson, Papa Salif Sow, Peter D. Ehrenkranz, Francois Venter, Yukari C. Manabe, Jonathan Kaplan, Models for Accelerating Treatment Initiation (MATI) Technical Consultation

Building from the HIV Response toward Universal Health Coverage

Jonathan Jay, Kent Buse, Marielle Hart, David Wilson, Robert Marten, Scott Kellerman, Morolake Odetoyinbo, Jonathan D. Quick, Timothy Evans, Peter Piot, Mark Dybul, Agnes Binagwaho

Guidelines and Guidance

Core Outcomes for Colorectal Cancer Surgery: A Consensus Study

Angus G. K. McNair, Robert N. Whistance, Rachael O. Forsythe, Rhiannon Macefield, Jonathan Rees, Anne M. Pullyblank, Kerry N. L. Avery, Sara T. Brookes, Michael G. Thomas, Paul A. Sylvester, Ann Russell, Alfred Oliver, Dion Morton, Robin Kennedy, David G. Jayne, Richard Huxtable, Roland Hackett, Susan J. Dutton, Mark G. Coleman, Mia Card, Julia Brown, Jane M. Blazeby

Research Articles

South Asia as a Reservoir for the Global Spread of Ciprofloxacin-Resistant Shigella sonnei: A Cross-Sectional Study

Hao Chung The, Maia A. Rabaa, Duy Pham Thanh, Niall De Lappe, Martin Cormican, Mary Valcanis, Benjamin P. Howden, Sonam Wangchuk, Ladaporn Bodhidatta, Carl J. Mason, To Nguyen Thi Nguyen, Duong Vu Thuy, Corinne N. Thompson, Nguyen Phu Huong Lan, Phat Voong Vinh, Tuyen Ha Thanh, Paul Turner, Poda Sar, Guy Thwaites, Nicholas R. Thomson, Kathryn E. Holt, Stephen Baker

Adverse Renal, Endocrine, Hepatic, and Metabolic Events during Maintenance Mood Stabilizer Treatment for Bipolar Disorder: A Population-Based Cohort Study

Joseph F. Hayes, Louise Marston, Kate Walters, John R. Geddes, Michael King, David P. J. Osborn

Improving Clinical Risk Stratification at Diagnosis in Primary Prostate Cancer: A Prognostic Modelling Study

Vincent J. Gnanapragasam, Artitaya Lophatananon, Karen A. Wright, Kenneth R. Muir, Anna Gavin, David C. Greenberg

Related Articles

Facility-Based Delivery during the Ebola Virus Disease Epidemic in Rural Liberia: Analysis from a Cross-Sectional, Population-Based Household Survey

John Ly, Vidiya Sathananthan, Thomas Griffiths, Zahir Kanjee, Avi Kenny, Nicholas Gordon, Gaurab Basu, Dale Battistoli, Lorenzo Dorr, Breeanna Lorenzen, Dana R. Thomson, Ami Waters, Uriah G. Moore, Ruth Roberts, Wilmot L. Smith, Mark J. Siedner, John D. Kraemer

Glycemic Control and the Risk of Tuberculosis: A Cohort Study

Pin-Hui Lee, Han Fu, Ting-Chun Lai, Chen-Yuan Chiang, Chang-Chuan Chan, Hsien-Ho Lin

Associations between Mental Health and Ebola-Related Health Behaviors: A Regionally Representative Cross-sectional Survey in Post-conflict Sierra Leone

Theresa S. Betancourt, Robert T. Brennan, Patrick Vinck, Tyler J. VanderWeele, Dayo Spencer-Walters, Joshua Jeong, Adeyinka M. Akinsulure-Smith, Phuong Pham

Uptake of Home-Based HIV Testing, Linkage to Care, and Community Attitudes about ART in Rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: Descriptive Results from the First Phase of the ANRS 12249 TasP Cluster-Randomised Trial

Collins C. Iwuji, Joanna Orne-Gliemann, Joseph Larmarange, Nonhlanhla Okesola, Frank Tanser, Rodolphe Thiebaut, Claire Rekacewicz, Marie-Louise Newell, Francois Dabis, ANRS 12249 TasP trial group

Genetic and Environmental Risk for Chronic Pain and the Contribution of Risk Variants for Major Depressive Disorder: A Family-Based Mixed-Model Analysis

Andrew M. McIntosh, Lynsey S. Hall, Yanni Zeng, Mark J. Adams, Jude Gibson, Eleanor Wigmore, Saskia P. Hagenaars, Gail Davies, Ana Maria Fernandez-Pujals, Archie I. Campbell, Toni-Kim Clarke, Caroline Hayward, Chris S. Haley, David J. Porteous, Ian J. Deary, Daniel J. Smith, Barbara I. Nicholl, David A. Hinds, Amy V. Jones, Serena Scollen, Weihua Meng, Blair H. Smith, Lynne J. Hocking

Measuring Burden of Unhealthy Behaviours Using a Multivariable Predictive Approach: Life Expectancy Lost in Canada Attributable to Smoking, Alcohol, Physical Inactivity, and Diet

Douglas G. Manuel, Richard Perez, Claudia Sanmartin, Monica Taljaard, Deirdre Hennessy, Kumanan Wilson, Peter Tanuseputro, Heather Manson, Carol Bennett, Meltem Tuna, Stacey Fisher, Laura C. Rosella

Duration of Adulthood Overweight, Obesity, and Cancer Risk in the Women’s Health Initiative: A Longitudinal Study from the United States

Melina Arnold, Luohua Jiang, Marcia L. Stefanick, Karen C. Johnson, Dorothy S. Lane, Erin S. LeBlanc, Ross Prentice, Thomas E. Rohan, Beverly M. Snively, Mara Vitolins, Oleg Zaslavsky, Isabelle Soerjomataram, Hoda Anton-Culver

Availability and Use of HIV Monitoring and Early Infant Diagnosis Technologies in WHO Member States in 2011–2013: Analysis of Annual Surveys at the Facility Level

Vincent Habiyambere, Nathan Ford, Daniel Low-Beer, John Nkengasong, Anita Sands, Mercedes Pérez González, Paula Fernandes, Ekaterina Milgotina

Related Articles

Integrated Delivery of Antiretroviral Treatment and Pre-exposure Prophylaxis to HIV-1–Serodiscordant Couples: A Prospective Implementation Study in Kenya and Uganda

Jared M. Baeten, Renee Heffron, Lara Kidoguchi, Nelly R. Mugo, Elly Katabira, Elizabeth A. Bukusi, Stephen Asiimwe, Jessica E. Haberer, Jennifer Morton, Kenneth Ngure, Nulu Bulya, Josephine Odoyo, Edna Tindimwebwa, Craig Hendrix, Mark A. Marzinke, Norma C. Ware, Monique A. Wyatt, Susan Morrison, Harald Haugen, Andrew Mujugira, Deborah Donnell, Connie Celum, Partners Demonstration Project Team

Genetically Predicted Body Mass Index and Breast Cancer Risk: Mendelian Randomization Analyses of Data from 145,000 Women of European Descent

Yan Guo, Shaneda Warren Andersen, Xiao-Ou Shu, Kyriaki Michailidou, Manjeet K. Bolla, Qin Wang, Montserrat Garcia-Closas, Roger L. Milne, Marjanka K. Schmidt, Jenny Chang-Claude, Allison Dunning, Stig E. Bojesen, Habibul Ahsan, Kristiina Aittomäki, Irene L. Andrulis, Hoda Anton-Culver, Volker Arndt, Matthias W. Beckmann, Alicia Beeghly-Fadiel, Javier Benitez, Natalia V. Bogdanova, Bernardo Bonanni, Anne-Lise Børresen-Dale, Judith Brand, Hiltrud Brauch, Hermann Brenner, Thomas Brüning, Barbara Burwinkel, Graham Casey, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Fergus J. Couch, Angela Cox, Simon S. Cross, Kamila Czene, Peter Devilee, Thilo Dörk, Martine Dumont, Peter A. Fasching, Jonine Figueroa, Dieter Flesch-Janys, Olivia Fletcher, Henrik Flyger, Florentia Fostira, Marilie Gammon, Graham G. Giles, Pascal Guénel, Christopher A. Haiman, Ute Hamann, Maartje J. Hooning, John L. Hopper, Anna Jakubowska, Farzana Jasmine, Mark Jenkins, Esther M. John, Nichola Johnson, Michael E. Jones, Maria Kabisch, Muhammad Kibriya, Julia A. Knight, Linetta B. Koppert, Veli-Matti Kosma, Vessela Kristensen, Loic Le Marchand, Eunjung Lee, Jingmei Li, Annika Lindblom, Robert Luben, Jan Lubinski, Kathi E. Malone, Arto Mannermaa, Sara Margolin, Frederik Marme, Catriona McLean, Hanne Meijers-Heijboer, Alfons Meindl, Susan L. Neuhausen, Heli Nevanlinna, Patrick Neven, Janet E. Olson, Jose I. A. Perez, Barbara Perkins, Paolo Peterlongo, Kelly-Anne Phillips, Katri Pylkäs, Anja Rudolph, Regina Santella, Elinor J. Sawyer, Rita K. Schmutzler, Caroline Seynaeve, Mitul Shah, Martha J. Shrubsole, Melissa C. Southey, Anthony J. Swerdlow, Amanda E. Toland, Ian Tomlinson, Diana Torres, Thérèse Truong, Giske Ursin, Rob B. Van Der Luijt, Senno Verhoef, Alice S. Whittemore, Robert Winqvist, Hui Zhao, Shilin Zhao, Per Hall, Jacques Simard, Peter Kraft, Paul Pharoah, David Hunter, Douglas F. Easton, Wei Zheng

Pancreatic Cancer Surgical Resection Margins: Molecular Assessment by Mass Spectrometry Imaging

Livia S. Eberlin, Katherine Margulis, Ivette Planell-Mendez, Richard N. Zare, Robert Tibshirani, Teri A. Longacre, Moe Jalali, Jeffrey A. Norton, George A. Poultsides

Comparison of Outcomes before and after Ohio's Law Mandating Use of the FDA-Approved Protocol for Medication Abortion: A Retrospective Cohort Study

Ushma D. Upadhyay, Nicole E. Johns, Sarah L. Combellick, Julia E. Kohn, Lisa M. Keder, Sarah C. M. Roberts

Social Dancing and Incidence of Falls in Older Adults: A Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial

Dafna Merom, Erin Mathieu, Ester Cerin, Rachael L. Morton, Judy M. Simpson, Chris Rissel, Kaarin J. Anstey, Catherine Sherrington, Stephen R. Lord, Robert G. Cumming

An Audit and Feedback Intervention for Reducing Antibiotic Prescribing in General Dental Practice: The RAPiD Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial

Paula Elouafkaoui, Linda Young, Rumana Newlands, Eilidh M. Duncan, Andrew Elders, Jan E. Clarkson, Craig R. Ramsay, Translation Research in a Dental Setting (TRiaDS) Research Methodology Group