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May 2016

May 2016 brings the first ever World Humanitarian Summit, convened by the UN Secretary General in Istanbul, Turkey. In light of the fact that leading health officials from the 194 member states of the World Health Organization cannot be present at the Summit because they will be attending the annual World Health Assembly in Geneva, Switzerland on the same days, the PLOS Medicine Editors recommend in this month's Editorial greater attention to the roles that health care and health-related research should play in averting and responding to humanitarian crises.

Image Credit: 12284999@N05, Flickr

Essays

A Public Health Paradox: The Women Most Vulnerable to Malaria Are the Least Protected

Raquel González, Esperança Sevene, George Jagoe, Laurence Slutsker, Clara Menéndez

Perspectives

Policy Forum

Toward a Common Secure Future: Four Global Commissions in the Wake of Ebola

Lawrence O. Gostin, Oyewale Tomori, Suwit Wibulpolprasert, Ashish K. Jha, Julio Frenk, Suerie Moon, Joy Phumaphi, Peter Piot, Barbara Stocking, Victor J. Dzau, Gabriel M. Leung

Research Articles

Sanitation and Hygiene-Specific Risk Factors for Moderate-to-Severe Diarrhea in Young Children in the Global Enteric Multicenter Study, 2007–2011: Case-Control Study

Kelly K. Baker, Ciara E. O’Reilly, Myron M. Levine, Karen L. Kotloff, James P. Nataro, Tracy L. Ayers, Tamer H. Farag, Dilruba Nasrin, William C. Blackwelder, Yukun Wu, Pedro L. Alonso, Robert F. Breiman, Richard Omore, Abu S. G. Faruque, Sumon Kumar Das, Shahnawaz Ahmed, Debasish Saha, Samba O. Sow, Dipika Sur, Anita K. M. Zaidi, Fahreen Quadri, Eric D. Mintz

Related Articles

Risk of Advanced Neoplasia in First-Degree Relatives with Colorectal Cancer: A Large Multicenter Cross-Sectional Study

Enrique Quintero, Marta Carrillo, Maria-Liz Leoz, Joaquin Cubiella, Carla Gargallo, Angel Lanas, Luis Bujanda, Antonio Z. Gimeno-García, Manuel Hernández-Guerra, David Nicolás-Pérez, Inmaculada Alonso-Abreu, Juan Diego Morillas, Francesc Balaguer, Alfonso Muriel, on behalf of the Oncology Group of the Asociación Española de Gastroenterología (AEG)

Initiating Antiretroviral Therapy for HIV at a Patient’s First Clinic Visit: The RapIT Randomized Controlled Trial

Sydney Rosen, Mhairi Maskew, Matthew P. Fox, Cynthia Nyoni, Constance Mongwenyana, Given Malete, Ian Sanne, Dorah Bokaba, Celeste Sauls, Julia Rohr, Lawrence Long

Related Articles

Estimating the Risk of Chronic Pain: Development and Validation of a Prognostic Model (PICKUP) for Patients with Acute Low Back Pain

Adrian C. Traeger, Nicholas Henschke, Markus Hübscher, Christopher M. Williams, Steven J. Kamper, Christopher G. Maher, G. Lorimer Moseley, James H. McAuley

Prioritizing Surgical Care on National Health Agendas: A Qualitative Case Study of Papua New Guinea, Uganda, and Sierra Leone

Anna J. Dare, Katherine C. Lee, Josh Bleicher, Alex E. Elobu, Thaim B. Kamara, Osborne Liko, Samuel Luboga, Akule Danlop, Gabriel Kune, Lars Hagander, Andrew J. M. Leather, Gavin Yamey

Epidemiology and Reporting Characteristics of Systematic Reviews of Biomedical Research: A Cross-Sectional Study

Matthew J. Page, Larissa Shamseer, Douglas G. Altman, Jennifer Tetzlaff, Margaret Sampson, Andrea C. Tricco, Ferrán Catalá-López, Lun Li, Emma K. Reid, Rafael Sarkis-Onofre, David Moher

Prices, Costs, and Affordability of New Medicines for Hepatitis C in 30 Countries: An Economic Analysis

Swathi Iyengar, Kiu Tay-Teo, Sabine Vogler, Peter Beyer, Stefan Wiktor, Kees de Joncheere, Suzanne Hill

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