Table of Contents: January 2012

In the January 2012 editorial, the PLoS Medicine Editors review the journal's contents in light of its mission and scope, referring back to their April 2009 editorial, which announced that PLoS Medicine would both reflect and draw attention to the world's health priorities. They now identify and call for papers on specific research topics and risk factors, to help ensure that a range of under-researched and neglected issues in medical research are elevated on the agenda of political and scientific discussions. The January image, a montage by Pat Margis and Clare Weaver, illustrates many of these issues.

The Editors conclude: “We feel that we have succeeded in our aims of three years ago: to highlight neglected issues, to promote globally relevant questions in health, to scrutinize ethics in biomedical publishing, and to advocate for integrity in research. However, it is not enough to simply raise awareness among our readership by publishing on issues that really matter in global health; it is now essential to leverage this awareness to bring about change in health care priorities globally.”

Image Credit: Montage created by Pat Margis and Clare Weaver, PLoS. Original images by (clockwise from left) tuppus, DownTown Pictures, ItzaFineDay, United States Department of Defense, Tammy Wong, cosmo flash, Eddie~S, Spec-ta-cles.


A United Nations General Assembly Special Session for Mental, Neurological, and Substance Use Disorders: The Time Has Come

Judith K. Bass, Thomas H. Bornemann, Matthew Burkey, Sonia Chehil, Lenis Chen, John R. M. Copeland, William W. Eaton, Vijay Ganju, Erin Hayward, Rebecca S. Hock, Rubeena Kidwai, Kavitha Kolappa, Patrick T. Lee, Harry Minas, Flora Or, Giuseppe J. Raviola, Benedetto Saraceno, Vikram Patel

Challenging Medical Ghostwriting in US Courts

Xavier Bosch, Bijan Esfandiari, Leemon McHenry

Health in Action

Monitoring the Introduction of Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccines into West Africa: Design and Implementation of a Population-Based Surveillance System

Grant A. Mackenzie, Ian D. Plumb, Sana Sambou, Debasish Saha, Uchendu Uchendu, Bolanle Akinsola, Usman N. Ikumapayi, Ignatius Baldeh, Effua Usuf, Kebba Touray, Momodou Jasseh, Stephen R. C. Howie, Andre Wattiaux, Ellen Lee, Maria Deloria Knoll, Orin S. Levine, Brian M. Greenwood, Richard A. Adegbola, Philip C. Hill

Policy Forums

Hitting Hotspots: Spatial Targeting of Malaria for Control and Elimination

Teun Bousema, Jamie T. Griffin, Robert W. Sauerwein, David L. Smith, Thomas S. Churcher, Willem Takken, Azra Ghani, Chris Drakeley, Roly Gosling

Research Articles

What Will It Take to Eliminate Pediatric HIV? Reaching WHO Target Rates of Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission in Zimbabwe: A Model-Based Analysis

Andrea L. Ciaranello, Freddy Perez, Jo Keatinge, Ji-Eun Park, Barbara Engelsmann, Matthews Maruva, Rochelle P. Walensky, Francois Dabis, Jennifer Chu, Asinath Rusibamayila, Angela Mushavi, Kenneth A. Freedberg

Ensemble Modeling of the Likely Public Health Impact of a Pre-Erythrocytic Malaria Vaccine

Thomas Smith, Amanda Ross, Nicolas Maire, Nakul Chitnis, Alain Studer, Diggory Hardy, Alan Brooks, Melissa Penny, Marcel Tanner

Adult Mortality Attributable to Preventable Risk Factors for Non-Communicable Diseases and Injuries in Japan: A Comparative Risk Assessment

Nayu Ikeda, Manami Inoue, Hiroyasu Iso, Shunya Ikeda, Toshihiko Satoh, Mitsuhiko Noda, Tetsuya Mizoue, Hironori Imano, Eiko Saito, Kota Katanoda, Tomotaka Sobue, Shoichiro Tsugane, Mohsen Naghavi, Majid Ezzati, Kenji Shibuya

Effect of Sanitation on Soil-Transmitted Helminth Infection: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Kathrin Ziegelbauer, Benjamin Speich, Daniel Mäusezahl, Robert Bos, Jennifer Keiser, Jürg Utzinger

Long-Term Survival in a Large Cohort of Patients with Venous Thrombosis: Incidence and Predictors

Linda E. Flinterman, Astrid van Hylckama Vlieg, Suzanne C. Cannegieter, Frits R. Rosendaal

Trends in Resource Utilization by Children with Neurological Impairment in the United States Inpatient Health Care System: A Repeat Cross-Sectional Study

Jay G. Berry, Annapurna Poduri, Joshua L. Bonkowsky, Jing Zhou, Dionne A. Graham, Chelsea Welch, Heather Putney, Rajendu Srivastava

Effects of Two Commercial Electronic Prescribing Systems on Prescribing Error Rates in Hospital In-Patients: A Before and After Study

Johanna I. Westbrook, Margaret Reckmann, Ling Li, William B. Runciman, Rosemary Burke, Connie Lo, Melissa T. Baysari, Jeffrey Braithwaite, Richard O. Day