Table of Contents

July 2010

In our Editorial this month the PLoS Medicine editors argue that the time has come to integrate prevention and treatment of HIV into maternal and child health care programs. A recent analysis of maternal deaths worldwide cited in the Editorial revealed that without the HIV epidemic there would have been an estimated 61,400 fewer maternal deaths in 2008. Although tackling HIV is a priority within the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), it is not specifically included in the MDGs for reducing child mortality and improving maternal health. A more integrated approach is needed, say the editors, recognizing maternal and child health and HIV as concurrent crises. The Editorial concludes that "the time has come to stop tackling infectious diseases, specifically HIV, in isolation from other health goals, and instead to examine the opportunities for integrating and scaling up delivery of HIV prevention and treatment services within the context of maternal and child health care."

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Younsook Lim, Jim Yong Kim, Michael Rich, Sara Stulac, Jean Bosco Niyonzima, Mary C. Smith Fawzi, Rose Gahire, Martha Mukaminega, Marya Getchell, Curtis W. Peterson, Paul E. Farmer, Agnès Binagwaho

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