Table of Contents: July 2009

The image this month relates to the Editorial and a paper by Doris Schopper and colleagues. The Editorial discusses the problems that can arise when research is done in the context of humanitarian relief work and notes that ethical oversight of such research needs to be rigorous, but also pragmatic. It discusses particularly the role of journals when papers arising from such research are submitted for publication. The article by Schopper and colleagues describes the functioning of the Médecins Sans Frontières independent ethics review board and the framework used for ethics review by this board, and discusses challenging ethical issues encountered by the board since its inception.

Image Credit: mknobil at

The PLoS Medicine Debate

Health in Action

Conflict, Crisis, and Abuse in Dharavi, Mumbai: Experiences from Six Years at a Centre for Vulnerable Women and Children

Nayreen Daruwalla, Armida Fernandez, Jenny Salam, Nikhat Shaikh, David Osrin

Research Ethics Review in Humanitarian Contexts: The Experience of the Independent Ethics Review Board of Médecins Sans Frontières

Doris Schopper, Ross Upshur, Francine Matthys, Jerome Amir Singh, Sunita Sheel Bandewar, Aasim Ahmad, Els van Dongen

Related Articles

  1. Ethics Without Borders

Guidelines and Guidance

Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses: The PRISMA Statement

David Moher, Alessandro Liberati, Jennifer Tetzlaff, Douglas G. Altman, The PRISMA Group

The PRISMA Statement for Reporting Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses of Studies That Evaluate Health Care Interventions: Explanation and Elaboration

Alessandro Liberati, Douglas G. Altman, Jennifer Tetzlaff, Cynthia Mulrow, Peter C. Gøtzsche, John P. A. Ioannidis, Mike Clarke, P. J. Devereaux, Jos Kleijnen, David Moher

Learning Forum

A 73-Year-Old Man with Long-Term Immobility Presenting with Abdominal Pain

Salomone Di Saverio, Gregorio Tugnoli, Paolo Emilio Orlandi, Marco Casali, Fausto Catena, Andrea Biscardi, Omeshnie Pillay, Franco Baldoni

Research Articles

Cost-Effectiveness of Interventions to Promote Physical Activity: A Modelling Study

Linda J. Cobiac, Theo Vos, Jan J. Barendregt

Can Prenatal Malaria Exposure Produce an Immune Tolerant Phenotype?: A Prospective Birth Cohort Study in Kenya

Indu Malhotra, Arlene Dent, Peter Mungai, Alex Wamachi, John H. Ouma, David L. Narum, Eric Muchiri, Daniel J. Tisch, Christopher L. King

Related Articles

  1. Unraveling the Impact of Malaria Exposure Before Birth

Infiltrating Blood-Derived Macrophages Are Vital Cells Playing an Anti-inflammatory Role in Recovery from Spinal Cord Injury in Mice

Ravid Shechter, Anat London, Chen Varol, Catarina Raposo, Melania Cusimano, Gili Yovel, Asya Rolls, Matthias Mack, Stefano Pluchino, Gianvito Martino, Steffen Jung, Michal Schwartz

Polyclonal B Cell Differentiation and Loss of Gastrointestinal Tract Germinal Centers in the Earliest Stages of HIV-1 Infection

Marc C. Levesque, M. Anthony Moody, Kwan-Ki Hwang, Dawn J. Marshall, John F. Whitesides, Joshua D. Amos, Thaddeus C. Gurley, Sallie Allgood, Benjamin B. Haynes, Nathan A. Vandergrift, Steven Plonk, Daniel C. Parker, Myron S. Cohen, Georgia D. Tomaras, Paul A. Goepfert, George M. Shaw, Jörn E. Schmitz, Joseph J. Eron, Nicholas J. Shaheen, Charles B. Hicks, Hua-Xin Liao, Martin Markowitz, Garnett Kelsoe, David M. Margolis, Barton F. Haynes