Table of Contents

July 2007

The image this month is of Nicotiana tabacum, the plant from which tobacco is made—a surprisingly pretty plant. One of its unpleasant products, snus, a smokeless tobacco, is discussed in a debate article (Gartner, et al.) published in this month's issue, and in the editorial (The PLoS Medicine Editors).

Image Credit: Joachim Müllerchen (from

Neglected Diseases

Liver Fluke Induces Cholangiocarcinoma

Banchob Sripa, Sasithorn Kaewkes, Paiboon Sithithaworn, Eimorn Mairiang, Thewarach Laha, Michael Smout, Chawalit Pairojkul, Vajaraphongsa Bhudhisawasdi, Smarn Tesana, Bandit Thinkamrop, Jeffrey M Bethony, Alex Loukas, Paul J Brindley

Policy Forums

Male Circumcision for Prevention of HIV Transmission: What the New Data Mean for HIV Prevention in the United States

Patrick S Sullivan, Peter H Kilmarx, Thomas A Peterman, Allan W Taylor, Allyn K Nakashima, Mary L Kamb, Lee Warner, Timothy D Mastro

South Africa's Experience of the Closure of the Cellulose Sulphate Microbicide Trial

Gita Ramjee, Roshini Govinden, Neetha S Morar, Anthony Mbewu

Research in Translation

Graft-Versus-Host Disease: A Surge of Developments

Stanley R Riddell, Frederick R Appelbaum

Research Articles

The Effects of Mandatory Prescribing of Thiazides for Newly Treated, Uncomplicated Hypertension: Interrupted Time-Series Analysis

Atle Fretheim, Kari Håvelsrud, Graeme MacLennan, Doris Tove Kristoffersen, Andrew D Oxman

Rapid Assessment of Avoidable Blindness in Western Rwanda: Blindness in a Postconflict Setting

Wanjiku Mathenge, John Nkurikiye, Hans Limburg, Hannah Kuper

Surfactant Maturation Is Not Delayed in Human Fetuses with Diaphragmatic Hernia

Olivier Boucherat, Alexandra Benachi, Bernadette Chailley-Heu, Marie-Laure Franco-Montoya, Caroline Elie, Jelena Martinovic, Jacques R Bourbon

Related Articles

Beta-Catenin Signaling Plays a Disparate Role in Different Phases of Fracture Repair: Implications for Therapy to Improve Bone Healing

Yan Chen, Heather C Whetstone, Alvin C Lin, Puviindran Nadesan, Qingxia Wei, Raymond Poon, Benjamin A Alman

Patient Adherence to Tuberculosis Treatment: A Systematic Review of Qualitative Research

Salla A Munro, Simon A Lewin, Helen J Smith, Mark E Engel, Atle Fretheim, Jimmy Volmink

Related Articles

Preventing Childhood Malaria in Africa by Protecting Adults from Mosquitoes with Insecticide-Treated Nets

Gerry F Killeen, Tom A Smith, Heather M Ferguson, Hassan Mshinda, Salim Abdulla, Christian Lengeler, Steven P Kachur

Toll-Like Receptor 2 Impairs Host Defense in Gram-Negative Sepsis Caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei (Melioidosis)

W. Joost Wiersinga, Catharina W Wieland, Mark C Dessing, Narisara Chantratita, Allen C Cheng, Direk Limmathurotsakul, Wirongrong Chierakul, Masja Leendertse, Sandrine Florquin, Alex F de Vos, Nicholas White, Arjen M Dondorp, Nicholas P Day, Sharon J Peacock, Tom van der Poll