About the Authors

Erick H. Turner

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Supervision, Validation, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

turnere@ohsu.edu

Affiliations Behavioral Health and Neurosciences Division, Veterans Affairs Portland Health Care System, Portland, Oregon, United States of America, Department of Psychiatry, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, United States of America

Andrea Cipriani

Roles Methodology, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust, Warneford Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom, Oxford Precision Psychiatry Lab, NIHR Oxford Health Biomedical Research Centre, Oxford, United Kingdom

Toshi A. Furukawa

Roles Investigation, Methodology, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Health Promotion and Human Behavior, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine/School of Public Health, Kyoto, Japan

Georgia Salanti

Roles Formal analysis, Methodology, Visualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland

Ymkje Anna de Vries

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Validation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Psychiatry, Interdisciplinary Center Psychopathology and Emotion Regulation, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands, Developmental Psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands

Competing Interests

I have read the journal’s policy and the authors of this manuscript have the following competing interests: ET previously worked as a Medical Officer for the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and reviewed applications submitted by pharmaceutical companies to determine they should be approved for US marketing. He has no financial interest in any pharmaceutical products, approved or otherwise. AC is supported by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Oxford Cognitive Health Clinical Research Facility, by an NIHR Research Professorship (grant RP-2017-08-ST2-006), by the NIHR Oxford and Thames Valley Applied Research Collaboration and by the NIHR Oxford Health Biomedical Research Centre (grant BRC-1215-20005). He has received research and consultancy fees from INCiPiT (Italian Network for Paediatric Trials), CARIPLO Foundation and Angelini Pharma, outside the submitted work. TAF reports grants and personal fees from Mitsubishi-Tanabe, personal fees from MSD, grants and personal fees from Shionogi, outside the submitted work; in addition, he has a patent 2020-548587 concerning smartphone CBT apps pending, and intellectual properties for Kokoro-app licensed to Mitsubishi-Tanabe. GS has received fees paid to the University of Bern for participating in a meeting as real-world evidence and metaanalysis expert from Biogen and Merck. YV has no competing interests.