About the Authors

Ju-Sheng Zheng

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

zhengjusheng@westlake.edu.cn (JSZ); nita.forouhi@mrc-epid.cam.ac.uk (NGF); nick.wareham@mrc-epid.cam.ac.uk (NJW)

Affiliations MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Westlake Laboratory of Life Sciences and Biomedicine, Key Laboratory of Growth Regulation and Translational Research of Zhejiang Province, School of Life Sciences, Westlake University, Hangzhou, China

Jian’an Luan

Roles Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Software, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Eleni Sofianopoulou

Roles Formal analysis, Investigation, Validation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations MRC/BHF Cardiovascular Epidemiology Unit, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom, National Institute for Health Research Blood and Transplant Research Unit in Donor Health and Genomics, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Stephen J. Sharp

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Project administration, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Felix R. Day

Roles Investigation, Methodology, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Fumiaki Imamura

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Thomas E. Gundersen

Roles Data curation, Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation VITAS, Oslo, Norway

Luca A. Lotta

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Ivonne Sluijs

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands

Isobel D. Stewart

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Rupal L. Shah

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Yvonne T. van der Schouw

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands

Eleanor Wheeler

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Eva Ardanaz

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Navarra Public Health Institute, Pamplona, Spain, Navarra Institute for Health Research (IdiSNA), Pamplona, Spain, CIBER Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Madrid, Spain

Heiner Boeing

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology, German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbruecke, Germany

Miren Dorronsoro

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Public Health Division of Gipuzkoa, San Sebastian, Spain

Christina C. Dahm

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Public Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark

Niki Dimou

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France

Douae El-Fatouhi

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Center of Research in Epidemiology and Population Health, UMR 1018 Inserm, Institut Gustave Roussy, Paris South–Paris Saclay University, Villejuif, France

Paul W. Franks

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden

Guy Fagherazzi

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Center of Research in Epidemiology and Population Health, UMR 1018 Inserm, Institut Gustave Roussy, Paris South–Paris Saclay University, Villejuif, France, Department of Population Health, Luxembourg Institute of Health, Strassen, Luxembourg

Sara Grioni

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Epidemiology and Prevention Unit, Milan, Italy

José María Huerta

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations CIBER Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Madrid, Spain, Department of Epidemiology, Murcia Regional Health Council, Instituto Murciano de Investigación Biosanitaria Virgen de la Arrixaca, Murcia, Spain

Alicia K. Heath

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

Louise Hansen

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Danish Cancer Society Research Center, Copenhagen, Denmark

Mazda Jenab

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France

Paula Jakszyn

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Unit of Nutrition and Cancer, Cancer Epidemiology Research Program, Catalan Institute of Oncology–Institut d’Investigació Biomédica de Bellvitge, L’Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain, Facultat Ciències Salut Blanquerna, Universitat Ramon Llull, Barcelona, Spain

Rudolf Kaaks

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Division of Cancer Epidemiology, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg, Germany

Tilman Kühn

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Division of Cancer Epidemiology, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg, Germany

Kay-Tee Khaw

Roles Investigation, Resources, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Nasser Laouali

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Center of Research in Epidemiology and Population Health, UMR 1018 Inserm, Institut Gustave Roussy, Paris South–Paris Saclay University, Villejuif, France

Giovanna Masala

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Cancer Risk Factors and Life-Style Epidemiology Unit, Institute for Cancer Research, Prevention and Clinical Network (ISPRO), Florence, Italy

Peter M. Nilsson

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden

Kim Overvad

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Public Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark, Department of Cardiology, Aalborg University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark

Anja Olsen

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Danish Cancer Society Research Center, Copenhagen, Denmark

Salvatore Panico

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Chirurgia, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy

J. Ramón Quirós

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Public Health Directorate, Asturias, Spain

Olov Rolandsson

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Family Medicine Division, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden

Miguel Rodríguez-Barranco

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations CIBER Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Madrid, Spain, Andalusian School of Public Health (EASP), Granada, Spain, Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria de Granada, Universidad de Granada, Granada, Spain

Carlotta Sacerdote

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Unit of Cancer Epidemiology, Città della Salute e della Scienza di Torino University Hospital–University of Turin and Center for Cancer Prevention (CPO), Torino, Italy

Annemieke M. W. Spijkerman

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, the Netherlands

Tammy Y. N. Tong

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Rosario Tumino

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Azienda Sanitaria Provinciale, Ragusa, Italy

Konstantinos K. Tsilidis

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom, Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, University of Ioannina School of Medicine, Ioannina, Greece

John Danesh

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Project administration, Resources, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations MRC/BHF Cardiovascular Epidemiology Unit, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom, National Institute for Health Research Blood and Transplant Research Unit in Donor Health and Genomics, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom, British Heart Foundation Cambridge Centre of Excellence, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Addenbrooke’s Hospital, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Department of Human Genetics, Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, United Kingdom

Elio Riboli

Roles Funding acquisition, Project administration, Resources, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

Adam S. Butterworth

Roles Investigation, Project administration, Resources, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations MRC/BHF Cardiovascular Epidemiology Unit, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom, National Institute for Health Research Blood and Transplant Research Unit in Donor Health and Genomics, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Claudia Langenberg

Roles Investigation, Project administration, Resources, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Nita G. Forouhi

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Project administration, Resources, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

zhengjusheng@westlake.edu.cn (JSZ); nita.forouhi@mrc-epid.cam.ac.uk (NGF); nick.wareham@mrc-epid.cam.ac.uk (NJW)

‡ These authors are joint senior authors on this work.

Affiliation MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Nicholas J. Wareham

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Project administration, Resources, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

zhengjusheng@westlake.edu.cn (JSZ); nita.forouhi@mrc-epid.cam.ac.uk (NGF); nick.wareham@mrc-epid.cam.ac.uk (NJW)

‡ These authors are joint senior authors on this work.

Affiliation MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

I have read the journal's policy and the authors of this manuscript have the following competing interests: FI and CL are Academic Editors on PLOS Medicine’s editorial board. LAL is Employee and shareholder of Regeneron Pharmaceuticals Inc. ASB has received grants unrelated to this work from AstraZeneca, Biogen, Bioverativ, Merck, Novartis and Sanofi, and personal fees from Novartis. Where authors are identified as personnel of the International Agency for Research on Cancer / World Health Organization, the authors alone are responsible for the views expressed in this article and they do not necessarily represent the decisions, policy or views of the International Agency for Research on Cancer / World Health Organization.