About the Authors

James E. Bennett

Contributed equally to this work with: James E. Bennett, Helen Tamura-Wicks

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Methodology, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom, MRC Centre for Environment and Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

Helen Tamura-Wicks

Contributed equally to this work with: James E. Bennett, Helen Tamura-Wicks

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Methodology, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom, MRC Centre for Environment and Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

Robbie M. Parks

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom, MRC Centre for Environment and Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

Richard T. Burnett

Roles Conceptualization, Methodology, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Population Studies Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

C. Arden Pope III

Roles Conceptualization, Methodology, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Economics, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, United States of America

Matthew J. Bechle

Roles Data curation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Julian D. Marshall

Roles Data curation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Goodarz Danaei

Roles Data curation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Majid Ezzati

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Methodology, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

majid.ezzati@imperial.ac.uk

Affiliations Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom, MRC Centre for Environment and Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom, WHO Collaborating Centre on NCD Surveillance and Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

I have read the journal's policy and the authors of this manuscript have the following competing interests: ME reports a charitable grant from AstraZeneca Young Health Programme, and personal fees from Prudential, Scor, and Third Bridge, all outside the submitted work. All other authors declare no competing interests.