About the Authors

Xiaoyan Xia

Contributed equally to this work with: Xiaoyan Xia, Zehong Zhou

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Methodology, Project administration, Validation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Division of Birth Cohort Study, Guangzhou Women and Children’s Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China, Department of Woman and Child Health Care, Guangzhou Women and Children’s Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Guangzhou Women and Children’s Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China

Zehong Zhou

Contributed equally to this work with: Xiaoyan Xia, Zehong Zhou

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Methodology, Validation, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Division of Birth Cohort Study, Guangzhou Women and Children’s Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China

Songying Shen

Roles Formal analysis, Funding acquisition, Methodology, Validation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Division of Birth Cohort Study, Guangzhou Women and Children’s Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China

Jinhua Lu

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Validation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Division of Birth Cohort Study, Guangzhou Women and Children’s Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China, Department of Woman and Child Health Care, Guangzhou Women and Children’s Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China

Lifang Zhang

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Methodology, Validation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Division of Birth Cohort Study, Guangzhou Women and Children’s Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China, Department of Woman and Child Health Care, Guangzhou Women and Children’s Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China

Peiyuan Huang

Roles Methodology, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Division of Birth Cohort Study, Guangzhou Women and Children’s Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China

Jia Yu

Roles Investigation, Project administration, Resources, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Woman and Child Health Care, Guangzhou Women and Children’s Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China

Li Yang

Roles Data curation, Investigation, Project administration, Resources, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Guangzhou Women and Children’s Health Information Center, Guangzhou, China

Ping Wang

Roles Data curation, Investigation, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Guangzhou Women and Children’s Health Information Center, Guangzhou, China

Kin-bong Hubert Lam

Roles Methodology, Visualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Bo Jacobsson

Roles Conceptualization, Methodology, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden, Department of Genetics and Bioinformatics, Domain of Health Data and Digitalisation, Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway

Ben Willem Mol

Roles Methodology, Visualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom

Huimin Xia

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Project administration, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

huimin.xia@bigcs.org, huimin.xia876001@gmail.com (HX); qiu.xiu@bigcs.org, qxiu0161@163.com (XQ)

Affiliation Department of Neonatal Surgery, Guangzhou Women and Children’s Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China

Xiu Qiu

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Funding acquisition, Methodology, Project administration, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

huimin.xia@bigcs.org, huimin.xia876001@gmail.com (HX); qiu.xiu@bigcs.org, qxiu0161@163.com (XQ)

Affiliations Division of Birth Cohort Study, Guangzhou Women and Children’s Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China, Department of Woman and Child Health Care, Guangzhou Women and Children’s Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Guangzhou Women and Children’s Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.