About the Authors

Pascal Geldsetzer

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Methodology, Project administration, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Eric Mboggo

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Methodology, Project administration, Writing – review & editing

ermboggo@gmail.com

Affiliation Management and Development for Health, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Elysia Larson

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Biostatistics, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Irene Andrew Lema

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Methodology, Project administration, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Management and Development for Health, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Lucy Magesa

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Methodology, Project administration, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Management and Development for Health, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Lameck Machumi

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Methodology, Project administration, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Management and Development for Health, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Nzovu Ulenga

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Methodology, Project administration, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Management and Development for Health, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

David Sando

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Methodology, Project administration, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Mary Mwanyika-Sando

Roles Methodology, Project administration, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Africa Academy for Public Health, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Donna Spiegelman

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Funding acquisition, Methodology, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Nutrition, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Biostatistics, Center for Methods in Implementation and Prevention Science, Yale School of Public Health, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Ester Mungure

Roles Data curation, Methodology, Project administration, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Nan Li

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Hellen Siril

Roles Conceptualization, Methodology, Project administration, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Management and Development for Health, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Phares Mujinja

Roles Methodology, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Behavioural Sciences, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Helga Naburi

Roles Conceptualization, Methodology, Project administration, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden, Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Guerino Chalamilla

† Deceased.

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Methodology, Project administration, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Management and Development for Health, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Charles Kilewo

Roles Conceptualization, Methodology, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Departments of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Anna Mia Ekström

Roles Methodology, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden, Department of Infectious Diseases, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden

Dawn Foster

Roles Data curation, Project administration, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Psychiatry, Yale School of Medicine, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Yale School of Public Health, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Wafaie Fawzi

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Methodology, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Nutrition, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Till Bärnighausen

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Funding acquisition, Methodology, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Heidelberg Institute of Global Health, Heidelberg University, Heidelberg, Germany, Africa Health Research Institute, Somkhele, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.