About the Authors

Alina Rodriguez

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Methodology, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

a.rodriguez@imperial.ac.uk

Affiliations Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom, School of Psychology, University of Lincoln, Lincoln, United Kingdom

Yingbo Wang

Roles Formal analysis, Methodology, Writing – review & editing

Current address: Novartis Pharma AG, Basel, Switzerland

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

Anohki Ali Khan

Roles Data curation, Project administration, Writing – review & editing

Current address: Apple Tree Pediatrics, Karachi, Pakistan

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

Rufus Cartwright

Roles Data curation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust, Oxford, United Kingdom

Mika Gissler

Roles Data curation, Methodology, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations THL National Institute for Health and Welfare, Information Services Department, Helsinki, Finland, Karolinska Institute, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Division of Family Medicine, Stockholm, Sweden

Marjo-Riitta Järvelin

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom, Unit of Primary Health Care, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland, Biocenter Oulu, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, Center for Life Course Health Research, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, Department of Life Sciences, College of Health and Life Sciences, Brunel University London, London, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. YW and AAK conducted this work while at Imperial College London and subsequently moved to Novartis Pharma AG, Basel, Switzerland, and Apple Tree Pediatrics, Karachi, Pakistan, respectively. Neither Novartis nor Apple Tree Pediatrics was involved in this research or has a financial stake in this work.