About the Authors

Pranav Rajpurkar

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Software, Validation, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

pranavsr@cs.stanford.edu

‡These authors share first authorship on, and contributed equally to, this work.

Affiliation Department of Computer Science, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Jeremy Irvin

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Software, Validation, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

‡These authors share first authorship on, and contributed equally to, this work.

Affiliation Department of Computer Science, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Robyn L. Ball

Roles Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Software, Validation, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Quantitative Sciences Unit, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Kaylie Zhu

Roles Data curation, Methodology, Software, Visualization, Writing – original draft

Affiliation Department of Computer Science, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Brandon Yang

Roles Data curation, Methodology, Software, Visualization, Writing – original draft

Affiliation Department of Computer Science, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Hershel Mehta

Roles Data curation, Methodology, Software, Visualization, Writing – original draft

Affiliation Department of Computer Science, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Tony Duan

Roles Data curation, Methodology, Software, Visualization, Writing – original draft

Affiliation Department of Computer Science, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Daisy Ding

Roles Data curation, Methodology, Software, Visualization, Writing – original draft

Affiliation Department of Computer Science, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Aarti Bagul

Roles Data curation, Methodology, Software, Visualization, Writing – original draft

Affiliation Department of Computer Science, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Curtis P. Langlotz

Roles Conceptualization, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Bhavik N. Patel

Roles Data curation, Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Kristen W. Yeom

Roles Data curation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Katie Shpanskaya

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Project administration, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Francis G. Blankenberg

Roles Data curation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Jayne Seekins

Roles Data curation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Timothy J. Amrhein

Roles Data curation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Radiology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

David A. Mong

Roles Data curation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Radiology, University of Colorado, Denver, Colorado, United States of America

Safwan S. Halabi

Roles Data curation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Evan J. Zucker

Roles Data curation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Andrew Y. Ng

Contributed equally to this work with: Andrew Y. Ng, Matthew P. Lungren

Roles Conceptualization, Project administration, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Computer Science, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Matthew P. Lungren

Contributed equally to this work with: Andrew Y. Ng, Matthew P. Lungren

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Supervision, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Competing Interests

I have read the journal's policy and the authors of this manuscript have the following competing interests: CPL holds shares in whiterabbit.ai and Nines.ai, is on the Advisory Board of Nuance Communications and on the Board of Directors for the Radiological Society of North America, and has other research support from Philips, GE Healthcare, and Philips Healthcare. MPL holds shares in and serves on the Advisory Board for Nines.ai. None of these organizations have a financial interest in the results of this study.