About the Authors

Marlous Hall

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Methodology, Software, Writing – original draft

m.s.hall@leeds.ac.uk

Affiliation Leeds Institute of Cardiovascular and Metabolic Medicine, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom

Tatendashe B. Dondo

Roles Methodology, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Leeds Institute of Cardiovascular and Metabolic Medicine, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom

Andrew T. Yan

Roles Conceptualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Mamas A. Mamas

Roles Methodology, Visualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Keele Cardiovascular Research Group, Keele University, Stoke-on-Trent, United Kingdom

Adam D. Timmis

Roles Resources, Validation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation NIHR Cardiovascular Biomedical Research Unit, Barts Heart Centre, London, United Kingdom

John E. Deanfield

Roles Data curation, Resources, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation National Institute for Cardiovascular Outcomes Research, University College London, London, United Kingdom

Tomas Jernberg

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Clinical Sciences, Danderyd Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

Harry Hemingway

Roles Conceptualization, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Farr Institute of Health Informatics Research, University College London, London, United Kingdom, NIHR Biomedical Research Centre, University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, University College London, London, United Kingdom

Keith A. A. Fox

Roles Conceptualization, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Centre for Cardiovascular Science, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Chris P. Gale

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Leeds Institute of Cardiovascular and Metabolic Medicine, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom, York Teaching Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, York, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

I have read the journal's policy and the authors of this manuscript have the following competing interests to disclose: CPG has received speaker and consulting honoraria from AstraZeneca and Novartis. KAAF reports grants and personal fees from AstraZeneca, personal fees from Sanofi/Regeneron, grants and personal fees from Bayer/Janssen, personal fees from GSK, grants and personal fees from Lilly outside of the submitted work. MAM reports unrestricted educational grants for Terumo, Daiichi Sankyo, and personal fees from AstraZeneca, Cordis outside of submitted work. TJ has received speaker and consulting honoraria from AstraZeneca, MSD and Aspen. HH is a National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Senior Investigator (grant NF-SI-0616-10066) and is funded by awards from the Medical Research Council, Arthritis Research UK, British Heart Foundation, Cancer Research UK, Chief Scientist Office, Economic and Social Research Council, Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, NIHR, National Institute for Social Care and Health Research, and Wellcome Trust (grant MR/K006584/1).