About the Authors

Grace M. Turner

g.turner.1@bham.ac.uk

Affiliation Institute of Applied Health Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom

Melanie Calvert

Affiliation Institute of Applied Health Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom

Max G. Feltham

Affiliation Institute of Applied Health Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom

Ronan Ryan

Affiliation Institute of Applied Health Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom

David Fitzmaurice

Affiliation Institute of Applied Health Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom

K. K. Cheng

Affiliation Institute of Applied Health Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom

Tom Marshall

Affiliation Institute of Applied Health Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

GMT reports grants from National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) School for Primary Care Research (SPCR), during the conduct of the study; TM reports funding from the NIHR through the Collaborations for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care for West Midlands (CLAHRC-WM); MC reports funding from European Society of Cardiology & AFNET, and personal fees from Astellas Pharma, outside the submitted work. KC reports grants from Pfizer China, outside the submitted work. MGF and RR have nothing to disclose.

Author Contributions

Conceptualization: GMT MC TM MGF. Data curation: GMT RR MC TM MGF KK DF KC. Formal analysis: GMT RR. Funding acquisition: GMT. Methodology: GMT MC TM MGF RR. Project administration: GMT MC TM MGF. Resources: RR. Supervision: MC TM MGF. Visualization: GMT MC TM MGF RR KC DF. Writing – original draft: GMT. Writing – review & editing: GMT MC TM MGF RR KC DF.