About the Authors

Leila Rooshenas

Leila.rooshenas@bristol.ac.uk

Affiliation School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom

Daisy Elliott

Contributed equally to this work with: Daisy Elliott, Julia Wade

Affiliation School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom

Julia Wade

Contributed equally to this work with: Daisy Elliott, Julia Wade

Affiliation School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom

Marcus Jepson

Affiliation School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom

Sangeetha Paramasivan

Affiliation School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom

Sean Strong

Affiliation School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom

Caroline Wilson

Affiliation School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom

David Beard

Affiliation Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Jane M. Blazeby

Affiliation School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom

Alison Birtle

Affiliation Rosemere Cancer Centre, Royal Preston Hospital, Preston, United Kingdom

Alison Halliday

Affiliation St George’s, University of London, London, United Kingdom

Chris A. Rogers

Affiliation Clinical Trials and Evaluation Unit, Bristol Royal Infirmary, School of Clinical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom

Rob Stein

Affiliation University College London Hospitals, London, United Kingdom

Jenny L. Donovan

Affiliations School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom, National Institute for Health Research Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care West (NIHR CLAHRC West), University Hospitals Bristol NHS Trust, Bristol, United Kingdom

ACST-2 study group
By-Band-Sleeve study group
Chemorad study group
CSAW study group
Optima prelim study group
POUT study group

Membership of the ACST-2 study group, By-Band-Sleeve study group, Chemorad study group, CSAW study group, Optima prelim study group, and POUT study group is provided in the Acknowledgments.

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. The authors declare no support from any organisation for the submitted work beyond those funding bodies declared in the manuscript.

Author Contributions

Conceptualization: JLD. Data curation: LR. Formal analysis: LR DE JW JLD. Funding acquisition: DB JMB AB AH CAR RS JLD. Investigation: LR DE MJ SP SS CW DB JMB AB AH CAR RS JLD. Methodology: JLD. Project administration: DB JMB AB AH CAR RS JLD. Supervision: JLD. Validation: LR DE JW JLD. Writing – original draft: LR JLD. Writing – review & editing: LR DE JW MJ SP SS CW DB JMB AB AH CAR RS JLD.