About the Authors

Julian Sheather

Contributed equally to this work with: Julian Sheather, Kiran Jobanputra

Affiliation Ethics Department, British Medical Association, London, United Kingdom

Kiran Jobanputra

Contributed equally to this work with: Julian Sheather, Kiran Jobanputra

kiran.jobanputra@london.msf.org

Affiliation Manson Unit, Médecins Sans Frontières, London, United Kingdom

Doris Schopper

Affiliations Medical Faculty, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland, Centre for Education and Research in Humanitarian Action (CERAH), Geneva, Switzerland

John Pringle

Affiliation McGill University, Montreal, Canada

Sarah Venis

Affiliation Manson Unit, Médecins Sans Frontières, London, United Kingdom

Sidney Wong

Affiliation Médecins Sans Frontières, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Robin Vincent-Smith

Affiliation Médecins Sans Frontières, Brussels, Belgium

Competing Interests

JP and DS are Vice Chair and Chair of the Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) Ethics Review Board, respectively.

Author Contributions

Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: JS KJ. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: JS KJ DS JP SV SW RVS. Agree with the manuscript’s results and conclusions: JS KJ DS JP SV SW RVS. All authors have read, and confirm that they meet, ICMJE criteria for authorship.