About the Authors

Nita G. Forouhi

Nita.Forouhi@mrc-epid.cam.ac.uk

Affiliation MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Fumiaki Imamura

Contributed equally to this work with: Fumiaki Imamura, Stephen J. Sharp

Affiliation MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Stephen J. Sharp

Contributed equally to this work with: Fumiaki Imamura, Stephen J. Sharp

Affiliation MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Albert Koulman

Affiliation MRC Human Nutrition Research, Cambridge, UK

Matthias B. Schulze

Affiliation Department of Molecular Epidemiology, German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbruecke, Germany

Jusheng Zheng

Affiliation MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Zheng Ye

Affiliation MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Ivonne Sluijs

Affiliation University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands

Marcela Guevara

Affiliations Navarre Public Health Institute (ISPN), Pamplona, Spain, CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Spain

José María Huerta

Affiliations CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Spain, Department of Epidemiology, Murcia Regional Health Council, IMIB-Arrixaca, Murcia, Spain

Janine Kröger

Affiliation Department of Molecular Epidemiology, German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbruecke, Germany

Laura Yun Wang

Affiliation MRC Human Nutrition Research, Cambridge, UK

Keith Summerhill

Affiliation MRC Human Nutrition Research, Cambridge, UK

Julian L. Griffin

Affiliation MRC Human Nutrition Research, Cambridge, UK

Edith J. M. Feskens

Affiliation Wageningen University, The Netherlands

Aurélie Affret

Affiliations Inserm, CESP, U1018, Villejuif, France, Univ Paris-Sud, UMRS 1018, Villejuif, France, Gustave Roussy Institute, Villejuif, France

Pilar Amiano

Affiliations CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Spain, Public Health Division of Gipuzkoa, San Sebastian, Spain, Instituto BIO-Donostia, Basque Government, San Sebastian, Spain

Heiner Boeing

Affiliation German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbruecke, Germany

Courtney Dow

Affiliations Inserm, CESP, U1018, Villejuif, France, Univ Paris-Sud, UMRS 1018, Villejuif, France, Gustave Roussy Institute, Villejuif, France

Guy Fagherazzi

Affiliations Inserm, CESP, U1018, Villejuif, France, Univ Paris-Sud, UMRS 1018, Villejuif, France, Gustave Roussy Institute, Villejuif, France

Paul W. Franks

Affiliations Lund University, Malmö, Sweden, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden

Carlos Gonzalez

Affiliation Catalan Institute of Oncology (ICO), Barcelona, Spain

Rudolf Kaaks

Affiliation German Cancer Research Centre (DKFZ), Heidelberg, Germany

Timothy J. Key

Affiliation University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Kay Tee Khaw

Affiliation University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Tilman Kühn

Affiliation German Cancer Research Centre (DKFZ), Heidelberg, Germany

Lotte Maxild Mortensen

Affiliations Department of Cardiology, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark, Department of Public Health, Section for Epidemiology, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark

Peter M. Nilsson

Affiliation Lund University, Malmö, Sweden

Kim Overvad

Affiliations Department of Public Health, Section for Epidemiology, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark

Valeria Pala

Affiliation Epidemiology and Prevention Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milan, Italy

Domenico Palli

Affiliation Cancer Research and Prevention Institute (ISPO), Florence, Italy

Salvatore Panico

Affiliation Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Chirurgia, Federico II University, Naples, Italy

J. Ramón Quirós

Affiliation Public Health Directorate, Asturias, Spain

Miguel Rodriguez-Barranco

Affiliations CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Spain, Escuela Andaluza de Salud Pública. Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria ibs.GRANADA. Hospitales Universitarios de Granada/Universidad de Granada, Granada, Spain

Olov Rolandsson

Affiliation Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden

Carlotta Sacerdote

Affiliations Unit of Cancer Epidemiology, Citta' della Salute e della Scienza Hospital-University of Turin and Center for Cancer Prevention (CPO), Turin, Italy, Human Genetics Foundation (HuGeF), Turin, Italy

Augustin Scalbert

Affiliation International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France

Nadia Slimani

Affiliation International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France

Annemieke M. W. Spijkerman

Affiliation National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands

Anne Tjonneland

Affiliation Danish Cancer Society Research Center, Copenhagen, Denmark

Maria-Jose Tormo

Affiliations Department of Epidemiology, Murcia Regional Health Council, IMIB-Arrixaca, Murcia, Spain, CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Spain, Department of Health and Social Sciences, Universidad de Murcia, Murcia, Spain

Rosario Tumino

Affiliation Cancer Registry and Histopathology Unit, Civic and M.P.Arezzo Hospital, ASP Ragusa, Italy

Daphne L. van der A

Affiliation National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands

Yvonne T. van der Schouw

Affiliation University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, the Netherlands

Claudia Langenberg

Affiliation MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Elio Riboli

Affiliation School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

Nicholas J. Wareham

Affiliation MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

PWF has received consulting honoraria from Ely Lily & Co and Sanofi Aventis. CL receives a stipend as a specialty consulting editor for PLOS Medicine and serves on the journal's editorial board. NJW served as a guest editor on PLOS Medicine’s Diabetes Prevention Special Issue.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: NGF FI SJS AK MBS JZ ZY IS MG JMH JK LYW KS JLG EJMF AA PA HB CD GF PWF CG RK TJK KTK TK LMM PMN KO VP DP SP JRQ MRB OR CS AS NS AMWS AT MJT RT DLvA YTvdS CL ER NJW. Performed the experiments: NGF FI SJS AK MBS JZ ZY IS MG JMH JK LYW KS JLG EJMF AA PA HB CD GF PWF CG RK TJK KTK TK LMM PMN KO VP DP SP JRQ MRB OR CS AS NS AMWS AT MJT RT DLvA YTvdS CL ER NJW. Analyzed the data: SJS FI. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: NGF FI SJS AK MBS JZ ZY IS MG JMH JK LYW KS JLG EJMF AA PA HB CD GF PWF CG RK TJK KTK TK LMM PMN KO VP DP SP JRQ MRB OR CS AS NS AMWS AT MJT RT DLvA YTvdS CL ER NJW. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: NGF. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: NGF FI SJS AK MBS JZ ZY IS MG JMH JK CL NJW. Enrolled patients: NGF FI SJS MBS JZ ZY IS MG JMH JK EJMF AA PA HB CD GF PWF CG RK TJK KTK TK LMM PMN KO VP DP SP JRQ MRB OR CS AMWS AT MJT RT DLvA YTvdS CL ER NJW. Agree with the manuscript’s results and conclusions: NGF FI SJS AK MBS JZ ZY IS MG JMH JK LYW KS JLG EJMF AA PA HB CD GF PWF CG RK TJK KTK TK LMM PMN KO VP DP SP JRQ MRB OR CS AS NS AMWS AT MJT RT DLvA YTvdS CL ER NJW. All authors have read, and confirm that they meet, ICMJE criteria for authorship.