About the Authors

Polycarp Mogeni

pmogeni@kemri-wellcome.org

Affiliation KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Kilifi, Kenya

Thomas N. Williams

Affiliations KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Kilifi, Kenya, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

Gregory Fegan

Affiliations KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Kilifi, Kenya, Centre for Tropical Medicine and Global Health, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, CCVTM, Oxford, United Kingdom

Christopher Nyundo

Affiliation KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Kilifi, Kenya

Evasius Bauni

Affiliation KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Kilifi, Kenya

Kennedy Mwai

Affiliation KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Kilifi, Kenya

Irene Omedo

Affiliation KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Kilifi, Kenya

Patricia Njuguna

Affiliation KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Kilifi, Kenya

Charles R. Newton

Affiliations KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Kilifi, Kenya, Centre for Tropical Medicine and Global Health, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, CCVTM, Oxford, United Kingdom

Faith Osier

Affiliation KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Kilifi, Kenya

James A. Berkley

Affiliations KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Kilifi, Kenya, Centre for Tropical Medicine and Global Health, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, CCVTM, Oxford, United Kingdom

Laura L. Hammitt

Affiliations KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Kilifi, Kenya, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Brett Lowe

Affiliation KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Kilifi, Kenya

Gabriel Mwambingu

Affiliation KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Kilifi, Kenya

Ken Awuondo

Affiliation KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Kilifi, Kenya

Neema Mturi

Affiliation KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Kilifi, Kenya

Norbert Peshu

Affiliation KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Kilifi, Kenya

Robert W. Snow

Affiliations Centre for Tropical Medicine and Global Health, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, CCVTM, Oxford, United Kingdom, Spatial Health Metrics Group, Kenya Medical Research Institute/Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya

Abdisalan Noor

Affiliations Centre for Tropical Medicine and Global Health, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, CCVTM, Oxford, United Kingdom, Spatial Health Metrics Group, Kenya Medical Research Institute/Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya

Kevin Marsh

Affiliations KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Kilifi, Kenya, Centre for Tropical Medicine and Global Health, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, CCVTM, Oxford, United Kingdom

Philip Bejon

Affiliations KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Kilifi, Kenya, Centre for Tropical Medicine and Global Health, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, CCVTM, Oxford, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

AN serves on the PLOS Medicine Editorial Board.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: TNW PN CRN FO NM NP KMa. Performed the experiments: TNW PN CRN FO JAB NM NP KMa. Analyzed the data: PM TNW GF IO RWS AN PB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: PM TNW CN EB LLH BL GM KA KMa PB. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: PM. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: PM TNW GF CN EB KMw IO PN CRN FO JAB LLH BL GM KA NM NP RWS AN KMa PB. Enrolled patients: PN NM. Agree with the manuscript’s results and conclusions: PM TNW GF CN EB KMw IO PN CRN FO JAB LLH BL GM KA NM NP RWS AN KMa PB. All authors have read, and confirm that they meet, ICMJE criteria for authorship.