About the Authors

Zacharia Mtema

Affiliations Ifakara Health Institute, Ifakara, Morogoro, Tanzania, Boyd Orr Centre for Population and Ecosystem Health, Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom, School of Computing Science, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Joel Changalucha

Affiliation Ifakara Health Institute, Ifakara, Morogoro, Tanzania

Sarah Cleaveland

Affiliation Boyd Orr Centre for Population and Ecosystem Health, Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Martin Elias

Affiliation Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Heather M. Ferguson

Affiliations Ifakara Health Institute, Ifakara, Morogoro, Tanzania, Boyd Orr Centre for Population and Ecosystem Health, Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Jo E. B. Halliday

Affiliation Boyd Orr Centre for Population and Ecosystem Health, Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Daniel T. Haydon

Affiliation Boyd Orr Centre for Population and Ecosystem Health, Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Gurdeep Jaswant

Affiliation Sokoine University of Agriculture, Department of Preventative Veterinary Medicine, Morogoro, Tanzania

Rudovick Kazwala

Affiliation Sokoine University of Agriculture, Department of Preventative Veterinary Medicine, Morogoro, Tanzania

Gerry F. Killeen

Affiliations Ifakara Health Institute, Ifakara, Morogoro, Tanzania, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Department of Vector Biology, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Tiziana Lembo

Affiliation Boyd Orr Centre for Population and Ecosystem Health, Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Kennedy Lushasi

Affiliations Ifakara Health Institute, Ifakara, Morogoro, Tanzania, Boyd Orr Centre for Population and Ecosystem Health, Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Alpha D. Malishee

Affiliation Ifakara Health Institute, Ifakara, Morogoro, Tanzania

Rebecca Mancy

Affiliations Boyd Orr Centre for Population and Ecosystem Health, Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom, School of Computing Science, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Matthew Maziku

Affiliations Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, World Health Organization, Country Office, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Eberhard M. Mbunda

† Deceased.

Affiliation Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Geofrey J. M. Mchau

Affiliation Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Roderick Murray-Smith

Affiliation School of Computing Science, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Kristyna Rysava

Affiliation Boyd Orr Centre for Population and Ecosystem Health, Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Khadija Said

Affiliation Sokoine University of Agriculture, Department of Preventative Veterinary Medicine, Morogoro, Tanzania

Maganga Sambo

Affiliations Ifakara Health Institute, Ifakara, Morogoro, Tanzania, Boyd Orr Centre for Population and Ecosystem Health, Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Elizabeth Shayo

Affiliation Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Lwitiko Sikana

Affiliation Ifakara Health Institute, Ifakara, Morogoro, Tanzania

Sunny E Townsend

Affiliation Boyd Orr Centre for Population and Ecosystem Health, Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Honorathy Urassa

Affiliation Ifakara Health Institute, Ifakara, Morogoro, Tanzania

Katie Hampson

Katie.Hampson@glasgow.ac.uk

Affiliations Ifakara Health Institute, Ifakara, Morogoro, Tanzania, Boyd Orr Centre for Population and Ecosystem Health, Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: ZM KH JEBH RM. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: SC HMF DTH GFK TL. Agree with the manuscript’s results and conclusions: ZM JC SC ME HMF JEBH DTH GJ RK GFK TL KL ADM RM MM EMM GJMM RMS KR KS MS ES LS ST HU KH. Contributed to the design of the surveillance system: ZM JC SC ME GJ RK TL KL ADM RMS KS MS ES LS HU KH. Contributed to user training and ongoing surveillance operations and their evaluation: ZM JC ME GJ RK TL KL ADM MM EMM GJMM KS MS ES LS ST HU KH. Analyzed data presented in this manuscript: ZM JC JEBH KL RM KR KH. All authors have read, and confirm that they meet, ICMJE criteria for authorship.