About the Authors

Spencer Phillips Hey

Affiliations The Program On Regulation, Therapeutics, And Law (PORTAL), Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, The Harvard Center for Bioethics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Aaron S. Kesselheim

akesselheim@partners.org

Affiliations The Program On Regulation, Therapeutics, And Law (PORTAL), Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, The Harvard Center for Bioethics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Competing Interests

ASK reports serving as an expert witness in an investor lawsuit against Amgen relating to marketing practices. ASK is a member of the Editorial Board of PLOS Medicine.

Author Contributions

Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: SPH. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: ASK. Agree with the manuscript’s results and conclusions: SPH ASK. All authors have read, and confirm that they meet, ICMJE criteria for authorship.