About the Authors

Moses Laman

Affiliations School of Medicine and Pharmacology, University of Western Australia, Fremantle Hospital, Fremantle, Western Australia, Australia, Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Madang, Madang Province, Papua New Guinea

Brioni R. Moore

Affiliations School of Medicine and Pharmacology, University of Western Australia, Fremantle Hospital, Fremantle, Western Australia, Australia, Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Madang, Madang Province, Papua New Guinea

John M. Benjamin

Affiliation Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Madang, Madang Province, Papua New Guinea

Gumul Yadi

Affiliation Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Madang, Madang Province, Papua New Guinea

Cathy Bona

Affiliation Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Madang, Madang Province, Papua New Guinea

Jonathan Warrel

Affiliation Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Madang, Madang Province, Papua New Guinea

Johanna H. Kattenberg

Affiliations Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Madang, Madang Province, Papua New Guinea, Infection and Immunity Division, Walter and Eliza Hall Institute, Parkville, Victoria, Australia

Tamarah Koleala

Affiliation Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Madang, Madang Province, Papua New Guinea

Laurens Manning

Affiliation School of Medicine and Pharmacology, University of Western Australia, Fremantle Hospital, Fremantle, Western Australia, Australia

Bernadine Kasian

Affiliation Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Madang, Madang Province, Papua New Guinea

Leanne J. Robinson

Affiliations Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Madang, Madang Province, Papua New Guinea, Infection and Immunity Division, Walter and Eliza Hall Institute, Parkville, Victoria, Australia

Naomi Sambale

Affiliation Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Madang, Madang Province, Papua New Guinea

Lina Lorry

Affiliation Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Madang, Madang Province, Papua New Guinea

Stephan Karl

Affiliations School of Medicine and Pharmacology, University of Western Australia, Fremantle Hospital, Fremantle, Western Australia, Australia, Infection and Immunity Division, Walter and Eliza Hall Institute, Parkville, Victoria, Australia

Wendy A. Davis

Affiliation School of Medicine and Pharmacology, University of Western Australia, Fremantle Hospital, Fremantle, Western Australia, Australia

Anna Rosanas-Urgell

Affiliation Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Madang, Madang Province, Papua New Guinea

Ivo Mueller

Affiliations Infection and Immunity Division, Walter and Eliza Hall Institute, Parkville, Victoria, Australia, Center de Recerca en Salut Internacional de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain

Peter M. Siba

Affiliation Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Madang, Madang Province, Papua New Guinea

Inoni Betuela

Affiliation Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Madang, Madang Province, Papua New Guinea

Timothy M. E. Davis

tim.davis@uwa.edu.au

Affiliation School of Medicine and Pharmacology, University of Western Australia, Fremantle Hospital, Fremantle, Western Australia, Australia

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: TMED. Performed the experiments: ML BRM JMB GY CB JW JHK TK LM BK LJR NS LL SK AR-U. Analyzed the data: WAD ML BRM TMED. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: ML BRM. Wrote the paper: ML BRM JMB GY CB JW JHK TK LM BK LJR NS LL SK WAD AR-U IM PMS IB TMED. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: ML BRM JMB GY CB JW JHK TK LM BK LJR NS LL SK WAD AR-U IM PMS IB TMED. Enrolled patients: ML BRM JMB GY CB JW. All authors have read, and confirm that they meet, ICMJE criteria for authorship.