About the Authors

Silke Roedder

Contributed equally to this work with: Silke Roedder, Tara Sigdel, Nathan Salomonis

Affiliation Department of Surgery, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Tara Sigdel

Contributed equally to this work with: Silke Roedder, Tara Sigdel, Nathan Salomonis

Affiliation Department of Surgery, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Nathan Salomonis

Contributed equally to this work with: Silke Roedder, Tara Sigdel, Nathan Salomonis

Affiliation Biomedical Informatics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America

Sue Hsieh

Affiliation Department of Surgery, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Hong Dai

Current address: Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Affiliation California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Oriol Bestard

Affiliation Renal Transplant Unit, Bellvitge University Hospital, Barcelona, Spain

Diana Metes

Affiliation Thomas E. Starzl Transplantation Institute, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Andrea Zeevi

Affiliation Thomas E. Starzl Transplantation Institute, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Albin Gritsch

Affiliation Immunogenetics Center, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Jennifer Cheeseman

Affiliation Department of Surgery, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Camila Macedo

Affiliation Thomas E. Starzl Transplantation Institute, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Ram Peddy

Affiliation California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Mara Medeiros

Affiliation Laboratorio de Investigacion en Nefrologia, Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez, Mexico City, Mexico

Flavio Vincenti

Affiliation Department of Surgery, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Nancy Asher

Affiliation Department of Surgery, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Oscar Salvatierra

Affiliation Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Ron Shapiro

Affiliation Thomas E. Starzl Transplantation Institute, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Allan Kirk

Current address: Department of Surgery, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

Affiliation Department of Surgery, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Elaine Reed

Affiliation Immunogenetics Center, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Minnie M. Sarwal

minnie.sarwal@ucsf.edu

Affiliation Department of Surgery, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Competing Interests

MS is Chair of the SAB and Founder of Organ-I and Consultant for Immucor, Bristol Meyers Squibb, UCB, ISIS, Genentech; SR was a Consultant for Organ-I; TS and NS are Consultants for Organ-I, Immucor; FV has research grants with Astellas Pharma, Bristol Myers Squibb, Alexion, Pfizer, Novartis, Genentech.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MS SR TS. Performed the experiments: SH HD TS SR NS MS. Analyzed the data: SR NS TS MS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DM AZ AG JC CM RP OB MM FV NA OS RS AK ER MS NS. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: SR MS NS TS. Wrote the paper: SR MS TS NS OB ER AK DM RS. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: SR TS NS SH HD DM AZ AG JC CM RP OB MM FV NA OS RS AK ER MS. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: SR TS NS SH HD DM AZ AG JC CM RP OB MM FV NA OS RS AK ER MS. Enrolled patients: DM RP OB MM FV OS RS AK ER MS.