About the Authors

Thomas J. Hwang

Affiliations Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America, The Blackstone Group, London, United Kingdom

Salmaan Keshavjee


Affiliations Program in Infectious Disease and Social Change, Department of Global Health and Social Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Partners in Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SK TJH. Performed the experiments: TJH. Analyzed the data: SK TJH. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: TJH. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: SK TJH. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: SK TJH. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: SK TJH.