About the Authors

Raquel González

Contributed equally to this work with: Raquel González, Meghna Desai, Eusebio Macete, Peter Ouma, Mwaka A. Kakolwa

Affiliations Barcelona Centre for International Health Research (CRESIB, Hospital Clínic-Universitat de Barcelona), ISGlobal, Barcelona Institute for Global Health, Barcelona, Spain, Manhiça Health Research Center (CISM), Manhiça, Mozambique

Meghna Desai

Contributed equally to this work with: Raquel González, Meghna Desai, Eusebio Macete, Peter Ouma, Mwaka A. Kakolwa

Affiliations Kenya Medical Research Institute/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KEMRI/CDC) Research and Public Health Collaboration, Kisumu, Kenya, Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America, and Kisumu, Kenya

Eusebio Macete

Contributed equally to this work with: Raquel González, Meghna Desai, Eusebio Macete, Peter Ouma, Mwaka A. Kakolwa

Affiliation Manhiça Health Research Center (CISM), Manhiça, Mozambique

Peter Ouma

Contributed equally to this work with: Raquel González, Meghna Desai, Eusebio Macete, Peter Ouma, Mwaka A. Kakolwa

Affiliations Kenya Medical Research Institute/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KEMRI/CDC) Research and Public Health Collaboration, Kisumu, Kenya, Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI)/Center for Global Health Research, Kisumu, Kenya

Mwaka A. Kakolwa

Contributed equally to this work with: Raquel González, Meghna Desai, Eusebio Macete, Peter Ouma, Mwaka A. Kakolwa

Affiliation Ifakara Health Institute (IHI), Dodoma, Tanzania

Salim Abdulla

Affiliation Ifakara Health Institute (IHI), Dodoma, Tanzania

John J. Aponte

Affiliations Barcelona Centre for International Health Research (CRESIB, Hospital Clínic-Universitat de Barcelona), ISGlobal, Barcelona Institute for Global Health, Barcelona, Spain, Manhiça Health Research Center (CISM), Manhiça, Mozambique

Helder Bulo

Affiliation Manhiça Health Research Center (CISM), Manhiça, Mozambique

Abdunoor M. Kabanywanyi

Affiliation Ifakara Health Institute (IHI), Dodoma, Tanzania

Abraham Katana

Affiliations Kenya Medical Research Institute/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KEMRI/CDC) Research and Public Health Collaboration, Kisumu, Kenya, Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI)/Center for Global Health Research, Kisumu, Kenya

Sonia Maculuve

Affiliation Manhiça Health Research Center (CISM), Manhiça, Mozambique

Alfredo Mayor

Affiliations Barcelona Centre for International Health Research (CRESIB, Hospital Clínic-Universitat de Barcelona), ISGlobal, Barcelona Institute for Global Health, Barcelona, Spain, Manhiça Health Research Center (CISM), Manhiça, Mozambique

Arsenio Nhacolo

Affiliation Manhiça Health Research Center (CISM), Manhiça, Mozambique

Kephas Otieno

Affiliations Kenya Medical Research Institute/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KEMRI/CDC) Research and Public Health Collaboration, Kisumu, Kenya, Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI)/Center for Global Health Research, Kisumu, Kenya

Golbahar Pahlavan

Affiliation Barcelona Centre for International Health Research (CRESIB, Hospital Clínic-Universitat de Barcelona), ISGlobal, Barcelona Institute for Global Health, Barcelona, Spain

María Rupérez

Affiliations Barcelona Centre for International Health Research (CRESIB, Hospital Clínic-Universitat de Barcelona), ISGlobal, Barcelona Institute for Global Health, Barcelona, Spain, Manhiça Health Research Center (CISM), Manhiça, Mozambique

Esperança Sevene

Affiliation Manhiça Health Research Center (CISM), Manhiça, Mozambique

Laurence Slutsker

Affiliation Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America, and Kisumu, Kenya

Anifa Vala

Affiliation Manhiça Health Research Center (CISM), Manhiça, Mozambique

John Williamsom

Affiliations Kenya Medical Research Institute/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KEMRI/CDC) Research and Public Health Collaboration, Kisumu, Kenya, Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America, and Kisumu, Kenya

Clara Menéndez

Menendez@clinic.ub.es

Clara Menéndez, project coordinator and senior author.

Affiliations Barcelona Centre for International Health Research (CRESIB, Hospital Clínic-Universitat de Barcelona), ISGlobal, Barcelona Institute for Global Health, Barcelona, Spain, Manhiça Health Research Center (CISM), Manhiça, Mozambique

Competing Interests

CM is a member of the Editorial Board of PLOS Medicine. The rest of coauthors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JA MD RG CM LS. Performed the experiments: RG MAK HB AK SM AM KO MR AV. Analyzed the data: RG JA AN JW MR ES. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: EM PO SA GP CM KO ES LS CM. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: CM RG GP. Wrote the paper: RG MD EM PO MAK SA JA HB AMK AK SM AM AN KO GP MR ES LS AV JW CM. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: RG MD EM PO MAK SA JA HB AMK AK SM AM AN KO GP MR ES LS AV JW CM. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: RG MD EM PO MAK SA JA HB AMK AK SM AM AN KO GP MR ES LS AV JW CM. Enrolled patients: RG MAK AK MR AV.