About the Authors

Angela S. Donin

adonin@sgul.ac.uk

Affiliation Population Health Research Institute, Division of Population Health Sciences and Education, St George's University of London, London, United Kingdom

Claire M. Nightingale

Affiliation Population Health Research Institute, Division of Population Health Sciences and Education, St George's University of London, London, United Kingdom

Chris G. Owen

Affiliation Population Health Research Institute, Division of Population Health Sciences and Education, St George's University of London, London, United Kingdom

Alicja R. Rudnicka

Affiliation Population Health Research Institute, Division of Population Health Sciences and Education, St George's University of London, London, United Kingdom

Michael R. Perkin

Affiliation Population Health Research Institute, Division of Population Health Sciences and Education, St George's University of London, London, United Kingdom

Susan A. Jebb

Affiliation Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Alison M. Stephen

Affiliation Medical Research Council Human Nutrition Research, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Naveed Sattar

Affiliation Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow School of Medicine, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Derek G. Cook

Affiliation Population Health Research Institute, Division of Population Health Sciences and Education, St George's University of London, London, United Kingdom

Peter H. Whincup

Affiliation Population Health Research Institute, Division of Population Health Sciences and Education, St George's University of London, London, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CGO AMS DGC PHW. Performed the experiments: ASD PHW DGC CGO AMS. Analyzed the data: ASD CMN ARR SAJ MRP NS DGC PHW. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: ASD. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: ASD CMN CGO ARR MRP SAJ AMS NS DGC PHW. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: ASD CMN CGO ARR MRP SAJ AMS NS DGC PHW. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: ASD CMN CGO ARR MRP SAJ AMS NS DGC PHW. Enrolled patients: PHW.