About the Authors

Thomas Callender

Affiliation The George Institute for Global Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Mark Woodward

Affiliations The George Institute for Global Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, The George Institute for Global Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia

Gregory Roth

Affiliation Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Farshad Farzadfar

Affiliations Non-Communicable Diseases Research Centre, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Centre, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Jean-Christophe Lemarie

Affiliation Effi-Stat, Paris, France

Stéphanie Gicquel

Affiliation Effi-Stat, Paris, France

John Atherton

Affiliation Department of Cardiology, Royal Brisbane and Women's Children Hospital and University of Queensland School of Medicine, Brisbane, Australia

Shadi Rahimzadeh

Affiliations Non-Communicable Diseases Research Centre, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Department of Epidemiology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Mehdi Ghaziani

Affiliations Non-Communicable Diseases Research Centre, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Centre, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Maaz Shaikh

Affiliations The George Institute for Global Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, The George Institute for Global Health, Hyderabad, India

Derrick Bennett

Affiliation Clinical Trials Service Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Anushka Patel

Affiliation The George Institute for Global Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia

Carolyn S. P. Lam

Affiliation National University of Singapore, Singapore

Karen Sliwa

Affiliation Hatter Institute for Cardiovascular Research in Africa, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

Antonio Barretto

Affiliation Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Bambang Budi Siswanto

Affiliation National Cardiovascular Centre University Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia

Alejandro Diaz

Affiliation Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Daniel Herpin

Affiliation Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Poitiers, Poitiers Cedex, France

Henry Krum

Affiliation Centre of Cardiovascular Research & Education in Therapeutics, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia

Thomas Eliasz

Affiliation The George Institute for Global Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Anna Forbes

Affiliation The George Institute for Global Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Alastair Kiszely

Affiliation The George Institute for Global Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Rajit Khosla

Affiliation The George Institute for Global Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Tatjana Petrinic

Affiliation Bodleian Healthcare Libraries, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Devarsetty Praveen

Affiliations The George Institute for Global Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia, The George Institute for Global Health, Hyderabad, India

Roohi Shrivastava

Affiliation The George Institute for Global Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Du Xin

Affiliation The George Institute for Global Health, Peking University, Beijing, China

Stephen MacMahon

Affiliations The George Institute for Global Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, The George Institute for Global Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia

John McMurray

Affiliation University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Kazem Rahimi

kazem.rahimi@georgeinstitute.ox.ac.uk

Affiliation The George Institute for Global Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

CL is funded by a Clinician Scientist Award from the National Medical Research Council of Singapore; receives research grants from Boston scientific, Medtronic, and Vifor Pharma; and serves as a consultant for Bayer and Novartis. JML is employed by the contract research organization Effi-Stat, which receives funding from pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies. In 2009 and 2010 Effi-Stat received financial support from Sanofi-Aventis for providing statistical analysis and programming for the I-Prefer study included in this review (reference [70]). SG is employed by the contract research organization Effi-Stat, which receives research funding from pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies. AP is a member of the Editorial Board of PLOS Medicine.

Author Contributions

Analyzed the data: TC KR MW. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: TC KR. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: TC KR MW GR JM FF. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: TC MW GR FF JM KR JCL SG JA SR MG SM MS DB AP CSPL KS AB BBS AD DH HK TE AF AK RK TP DP RS DX. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: TC MW GR FF JM KR JCL SG JA SR MG SM MS DB AP CSPL KS AB BBS AD DH HK TE AF AK RK TP DP RS DX. Designed the study: KR DB. Provided input on study design: DX AP SM. Designed the search strategy, and contributed to abstract reviews and data extraction plans: TE AF AK RK TP DP RS. Completed data extraction and coordinated the collection of unpublished data: KR TC. Provided input on writing of the manuscript and analyzing of the data: MW GR FF JM. Contributed significantly to reviewing the manuscript: JA HK KS DB AP CSPL. Contributed data: JCL SG SR MG FF MS JA BBS AB AD DH. TC had full access to all the data in the study and he takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.