About the Authors

Lone Simonsen

lone@gwu.edu

Affiliations Department of Global Health, George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services, Washington, District of Columbia, United States of America, Sage Analytica, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Peter Spreeuwenberg

Affiliation Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research, Utrecht, Netherlands

Roger Lustig

Affiliation Sage Analytica, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Robert J. Taylor

Affiliation Sage Analytica, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Douglas M. Fleming

Affiliation Royal College of General Practitioners, London, United Kingdom

Madelon Kroneman

Affiliation Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research, Utrecht, Netherlands

Maria D. Van Kerkhove

Affiliations Medical Research Council Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modelling, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom, Global Influenza Programme, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

Anthony W. Mounts

Affiliation Global Influenza Programme, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland

W. John Paget

Affiliation Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research, Utrecht, Netherlands

the GLaMOR Collaborating Teams

Membership of the GLaMOR Collaborating Teams is provided in the Acknowledgments.

Competing Interests

LS has provided consultancy services to GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) and served on expert advisory boards for GSK, Roche, Pfizer, Merck, and Novartis. LS and RJT have an ownership interest in Sage Analytica, a consultancy in epidemiology and bioinformatics. DMF has provided consultancy services for GSK, Novartis, and MedImmune relating to influenza epidemiology and vaccine effectiveness and has been supported to attend international influenza meetings. WJP has served on an influenza advisory board for GSK.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: LS WJP DMF. Performed the experiments: LS PS RL. Analyzed the data: LS PS RL RJT WJP DMF. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AWM MDVK. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: LS RJT WJP MK PS. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: LS RJT WJP MK DMF PS RL AWM MDVK. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: LS RJT WJP MK DMF PS RL AWM MDVK. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: LS RJT WJP MK DMF PS RL AWM MDVK.