About the Authors

Svea Closser


Affiliation Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Middlebury College, Middlebury, Vermont, United States of America

Rashid Jooma

Affiliation Department of Surgery, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan

Competing Interests

SC received travel funding from the Independent Monitoring Board for Polio Eradication to attend their meeting in 2011, a consultancy with UNICEF in 2011, and a contract from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation for research on polio eradication and health systems in 2011–2012. RJ declares no competing interests.

Author Contributions

Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: SC. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: SC RJ. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: SC RJ. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: SC RJ.