About the Authors

David S. Ludwig


Affiliation New Balance Foundation Obesity Prevention Center, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Heather L. Rouse

Affiliation Arkansas Center for Health Improvement, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas, United States of America

Janet Currie

Affiliation Center for Health and Wellbeing, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America

Competing Interests

DSL reported receiving grants from the National Institutes of Health and foundations for obesity-related research, mentoring, and patient care; travel grants from academic centers and professional associations for lectures; and royalties from a book about childhood obesity. DSL is a member of the Editorial Board of PLOS Medicine. HLR and JC reported no conflicts of interest.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DSL JC. Analyzed the data: DSL HLR JC. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: DSL JC. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: HLR JC. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: DSL HLR JC. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: DSL HLR JC.