About the Authors

David B. Resnik


Affiliation National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, United States of America

Zubin Master

Affiliation Alden March Bioethics Institute, Albany Medical College, Albany, New York, United States of America

Competing Interests

ZM was previously an employee of Health Canada where he developed Health Canada's Scientific Integrity Framework and served as secretariat to the Canadian Research Integrity Forum. DR declares no competing interests.

Author Contributions

Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: DBR ZM. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: DBR ZM. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: DBR ZM. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: DBR ZM.