About the Authors

Teun Bousema

teun.bousema@lshtm.ac.uk

Affiliations Department of Immunity and Infection, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom, Department of Medical Microbiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and HTA, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands

Jamie T. Griffin

Affiliation Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, MRC Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modeling, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

Robert W. Sauerwein

Affiliation Department of Medical Microbiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands

David L. Smith

Affiliation Johns Hopkins Malaria Research Institute and Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Thomas S. Churcher

Affiliation Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, MRC Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modeling, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

Willem Takken

Affiliation Laboratory of Entomology, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Wageningen, The Netherlands

Azra Ghani

Affiliation Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, MRC Centre for Outbreak Analysis and Modeling, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

Chris Drakeley

Affiliation Department of Immunity and Infection, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Roly Gosling

Affiliation Global Health Group, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Competing Interests

AG was paid by GSK to attend a single advisory board meeting in December 2009 on how to develop models for the economic evaluation of RTSS. Currently she has a collaborative agreement with GSK to re-analyse RTSS Phase II trial data, which is managed via Imperial College but does not involve monetary exchange and under which the company does not have final decision on publication. None of these activities relates to this article on hotspots. All other authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: TB JTG CD RG. Performed the experiments: TB JTG TSC. Analyzed the data: TB JTG TSC DLS AG. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JTG TSC AG. Wrote the first draft of the manuscript: TB CD RG. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: TB JTG RWS DLS TSC WT AG CD RG. ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: TB JTG RWS DLS TSC WT AG CD RG. Agree with manuscript results and conclusions: TB JTG RWS DLS TSC WT AG CD RG.