About the Authors

Vincent Iacopino


Affiliations Physicians for Human Rights, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America, University of Minnesota School of Medicine, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America, Human Rights Center, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States of America

Stephen N. Xenakis

Affiliation Brigadier General (Retired), US Army, United States of America

Competing Interests

VI states that he is employed by Physicians for Human Rights and has served as a medical expert in eight of the nine GTMO cases. SNX states that he has served as an expert witness, volunteer consultant to Physicians for Human Rights, and participant in activities sponsored by Human Rights First.

Author Contributions

ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: VI SNX. Agree with the results and conclusions: VI SNX. Wrote the first draft of the paper: VI. Conceived and designed the experiments: VI SNX. Analyzed the data: VI SNX. Wrote the paper: VI SNX.