About the Authors

Shankuan Zhu

szhu@mcw.edu

Affiliations Injury Research Center, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States of America, Injury Control Research Center, and Obesity and Body Composition Research Center, Zhejiang University School of Public Health, Hangzhou, China

Jong-Eun Kim

Affiliation Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of America

Xiaoguang Ma

Affiliation Injury Research Center, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States of America

Alan Shih

Affiliation Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of America

Purushottam W. Laud

Affiliation Department of Population Health, Division of Biostatistics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States of America

Frank Pintar

Affiliations Injury Research Center, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States of America, Neurosurgery Neuroscience Lab, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States of America

Wei Shen

Affiliation Obesity Research Center, St. Luke's Roosevelt Hospital and Institute of Human Nutrition, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York, United States of America

Steven B. Heymsfield

Affiliation Center for Scientific Affairs, Merck & Co., Rahway, New Jersey, United States of America

David B. Allison

Affiliation Department of Biostatistics, and Nutrition and Obesity Research Center, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Alabama, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: SZ JEK XM AS PWL FP WS SBH DBA. Agree with the manuscript's results and conclusions: SZ JEK XM AS PWL FP WS SBH DBA. Designed the experiments/the study: SZ PWL SBH. Analyzed the data: SZ JEK XM AS FP SBH. Collected data/did experiments for the study: SZ XM. Wrote the first draft of the paper: SZ XM SBH. Contributed to the writing of the paper: SZ JEK XM PWL FP WS SBH DBA. Advised on statistical analysis: DBA.