About the Authors

Doris Schopper


Affiliation Ethics Review Board, Médecins Sans Frontières, Geneva, Switzerland

Ross Upshur

Affiliation University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Francine Matthys

Affiliation Unit of Epidemiology and Disease Control, Department of Public Health, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium

Jerome Amir Singh

Affiliation Bioethics and Health Law Programme at the Center for the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa (CAPRISA), Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Sunita Sheel Bandewar

Affiliation Research Program on Community Engagement Global Case Studies at Program on Ethics and Commercialization, McLaughlin-Rotman Centre for Global Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Aasim Ahmad

Affiliations The Kidney Centre, Karachi, Pakistan, Aga Kahn University, Karachi, Pakistan

Els van Dongen

† Deceased.

Affiliation University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

ICMJE criteria for authorship read and met: DS RU FM JAS SB AA EvD. Wrote the first draft of the paper: DS. Contributed to the writing of the paper: RU FM JAS SB AA EvD.