About the Authors

Jonathan Dushoff

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: dushoff@eno.princeton.edu

Affiliations Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America , Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Joshua B Plotkin

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, United States of America

Cecile Viboud

Affiliation Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Lone Simonsen

Affiliation National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda Maryland, United States of America

Mark Miller

Affiliation Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Mark Loeb

Affiliation Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

David J. D Earn

Affiliation Department of Mathematics and Statistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

All authors discussed framing and interpretation, and contributed to writing the paper. JD conceived the study and implemented the model. DJDE and JBP helped develop the model and the techniques used to explore parameter space. LS and CV helped guide the exploration of parameter space, including vaccination scenarios and sensitivity analyses. MM and ML contributed to evaluating and clarifying the assumptions and interpretations of the model.