About the Authors

Ludovic Tailleux

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: tailleux@pasteur.fr (LT), E-mail: neyrolle@pasteur.fr (ON)

Affiliation Institut Pasteur, Unité de Génétique Mycobactérienne, Paris, France

Nhan Pham-Thi

Contributed equally to this work with: Nhan Pham-Thi, Anne Bergeron-Lafaurie

Affiliation Hôpital Necker-Enfants-Malades, AP-HP, Service de Pneumologie et d'Allergologie Pédiatrique, Paris, France

Anne Bergeron-Lafaurie

Contributed equally to this work with: Nhan Pham-Thi, Anne Bergeron-Lafaurie

Affiliation Hôpital Saint-Louis, AP-HP, Service de Pneumologie, Paris, France

Jean-Louis Herrmann

Affiliation Hôpital Saint-Louis, AP-HP, Service de Microbiologie, Paris, France

Patricia Charles

Affiliation Institut Pasteur, Unité de Génétique Mycobactérienne, Paris, France

Olivier Schwartz

Affiliation Institut Pasteur, Groupe Virus et Immunité, Paris, France

Pierre Scheinmann

Affiliation Hôpital Necker-Enfants-Malades, AP-HP, Service de Pneumologie et d'Allergologie Pédiatrique, Paris, France

Philippe H Lagrange

Affiliation Hôpital Saint-Louis, AP-HP, Service de Microbiologie, Paris, France

Jacques de Blic

Affiliation Hôpital Necker-Enfants-Malades, AP-HP, Service de Pneumologie et d'Allergologie Pédiatrique, Paris, France

Abdellatif Tazi

Affiliation Hôpital Saint-Louis, AP-HP, Service de Pneumologie, Paris, France

Brigitte Gicquel

Affiliation Institut Pasteur, Unité de Génétique Mycobactérienne, Paris, France

Olivier Neyrolles

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: tailleux@pasteur.fr (LT), E-mail: neyrolle@pasteur.fr (ON)

Affiliations Institut Pasteur, Unité de Génétique Mycobactérienne, Paris, France, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, URA 2172, Paris, France

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

LT and ON designed the study with the help of NPT, ABL, JLH, PS, PHL, JdB, AT, and BG. NPT, ABL, and JLH performed clinical sampling. LT, PC, OS, and ON performed the experiments. LT and ON wrote the paper with the contribution of NPT, ABL, JLH, OS, PS, PHL, JdB, AT, and BG.