About the Authors

Jinliang Yang

Contributed equally to this work with: Jinliang Yang, Sofiane Mezmouk

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Software, Validation, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

jinliang.yang@unl.edu (JY); rossibarra@ucdavis.edu (JRI)

Current address: Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, United States of America

Affiliation Department of Plant Sciences, University of California, Davis, Davis, California, United States of America

Sofiane Mezmouk

Contributed equally to this work with: Jinliang Yang, Sofiane Mezmouk

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Methodology, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Current address: KWS SAAT SE, Einbeck, Germany

Affiliation Department of Plant Sciences, University of California, Davis, Davis, California, United States of America

Andy Baumgarten

Roles Methodology, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation DuPont Pioneer, Johnston, Iowa, United States of America

Edward S. Buckler

Roles Resources, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations School of Integrative Plant Sciences, Section of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America, Institute for Genomic Diversity, Ithaca, New York, United States of America, US Department of Agriculture–Agricultural Research Service, Ithaca, New York, United States of America

Katherine E. Guill

Roles Resources

Affiliation US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Columbia, Missouri, United States of America

Michael D. McMullen

Roles Resources, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Columbia, Missouri, United States of America, Division of Plant Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, United States of America

Rita H. Mumm

Roles Data curation, Resources, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Crop Sciences and the Illinois Plant Breeding Center, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, United States of America

Jeffrey Ross-Ibarra

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Resources, Supervision, Validation, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

jinliang.yang@unl.edu (JY); rossibarra@ucdavis.edu (JRI)

Affiliations Department of Plant Sciences, University of California, Davis, Davis, California, United States of America, Center for Population Biology and Genome Center, University of California, Davis, California, United States of America

Competing Interests

I have read the journal’s policy and the authors of this manuscript have the following competing interests: Rita Mumm received research funding from Kellogg Company to support field work, equipment, and travel. She is a paid consultant for Mars Inc. and serves on the leadership team of the African Orphan Crop Consortium which is funded in part by Mars Inc. Jeffrey Ross-Ibarra received research funding from DuPont Pioneer and Mars Inc. Sofiane Mezmouk is a current employee of KWS. Andy Baumgarten is a current employee of DuPont Pioneer. All authors declare no additional competing interests, and none of the funders played any role in the study design; collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; writing of the paper; and/or decision to submit for publication.