About the Authors

Konrad J. Karczewski

Affiliations Biomedical Informatics Training Program, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America, Department of Genetics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America

Michael Snyder

Affiliation Department of Genetics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America

Russ B. Altman

Affiliations Department of Genetics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America, Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America

Nicholas P. Tatonetti

nick.tatonetti@columbia.edu

Affiliation Department of Biomedical Informatics, Department of Systems Biology, and Department of Medicine, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: KJK NPT. Performed the experiments: KJK NPT. Analyzed the data: KJK NPT. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: KJK RBA MS NPT. Wrote the paper: KJK MS RBA NPT.