About the Authors

James A. Cahill

Affiliation Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California, United States of America

Richard E. Green

Affiliation Department of Biomolecular Engineering, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California, United States of America

Tara L. Fulton

Affiliation Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California, United States of America

Mathias Stiller

Affiliation Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California, United States of America

Flora Jay

Affiliation Department of Integrative Biology, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States of America

Nikita Ovsyanikov

Affiliation Wrangel Island State Nature Reserve, Pevek, Russia

Rauf Salamzade

Affiliation Department of Biomolecular Engineering, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California, United States of America

John St. John

Affiliation Department of Biomolecular Engineering, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California, United States of America

Ian Stirling

Affiliations Wildlife Research Division, Department of Environment, Edmonton, Canada, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada

Montgomery Slatkin

Affiliation Department of Integrative Biology, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States of America

Beth Shapiro

beth.shapiro@gmail.com

Affiliation Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, California, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JA Cahill, RE Green, B Shapiro. Performed the experiments: TL Fulton, M Stiller, N Ovsyanikov. Analyzed the data: JA Cahill, RE Green, F Jay, R Salamzade, J St. John, I Stirling, M Slatkin, B Shapiro. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: N Ovsyanikov, M Slatkin, B Shapiro. Wrote the paper: JA Cahill, RE Green, B, Shapiro. Assisted with data interpretation and preparation of the manuscript: JA Cahill, RE Green, TL Fulton, M Stiller, F Jay, N Ovsyanikov, R Salamzade, J St. John, I Stirling, M Slatkin, B Shapiro.