About the Authors

Peter L. Freddolino

Contributed equally to this work with: Peter L. Freddolino, Hani Goodarzi

Affiliation Joint Centers for Systems Biology, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

Hani Goodarzi

Contributed equally to this work with: Peter L. Freddolino, Hani Goodarzi

Current address: Laboratory of Systems Cancer Biology, Rockefeller University, New York, New York, United States of America

Affiliation Joint Centers for Systems Biology, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

Saeed Tavazoie

st2744@columbia.edu

Affiliations Joint Centers for Systems Biology, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: PLF HG ST. Performed the experiments: PLF HG. Analyzed the data: PLF HG ST. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: PLF HG. Wrote the paper: PLF HG ST.