A Biophysical Model of CRISPR/Cas9 Activity for Rational Design of Genome Editing and Gene Regulation
(A) Model-calculated distributions show the numbers of human genome DNA sites that will be cleaved with varying efficiencies when using a LTR-B crRNA with either (yellow) baseline, (blue) 10-fold lower, or (green) 10-fold higher Cas9 and crRNA concentrations. (B) The expected number of off-target indel mutations when counting sites with cleavage efficiencies higher than a cut-off value. (C) The required next-generation sequencing coverage to identify the expected number of off-target indel mutations with 99% certainty. Colors same as in A. (D) The model-calculated dynamics of human genome modification under the same three scenarios, comparing (solid lines) on-target cleavage versus (dashed lines) the ratio between on-target and total off-target cleavage (specificity).