About the Authors

Lesley M. Chapman

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Software, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Current address: National Cancer Institute, iCURE Postdoctoral Fellow, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Affiliation Biosystems and Biomaterials Division, Material Measurement Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, United States of America

Noah Spies

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Software, Visualization

Current address: Celsius Therapeutics, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Affiliations Biosystems and Biomaterials Division, Material Measurement Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, United States of America, The Joint Initiative for Metrology in Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America, Departments of Genetics and Pathology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Patrick Pai

Roles Software

Affiliation University of Maryland - College Park, College Park, Maryland, United States of America

Chun Shen Lim

Roles Data curation

Affiliation Department of Biochemistry, School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand

Andrew Carroll

Roles Data curation, Methodology, Visualization

Affiliation DNAnexus Inc, Mountain View, California, United States of America

Giuseppe Narzisi

Roles Data curation

Affiliation New York Genome Center, New York, New York, United States of America

Christopher M. Watson

Roles Data curation

Affiliations School of Medicine, University of Leeds, Saint James's University Hospital, Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom, Yorkshire Regional Genetics Service, The Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Saint James's University Hospital, Leeds, United Kingdom

Christos Proukakis

Roles Data curation

Affiliation University College London, Institute of Neurology, London, United Kingdom

Wayne E. Clarke

Roles Data curation

Affiliation New York Genome Center, New York, New York, United States of America

Naoki Nariai

Roles Data curation

Affiliation Illumina, Inc. San Diego, California, United States of America

Eric Dawson

Roles Data curation

Affiliations Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America, Department of Genetics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Garan Jones

Roles Data curation

Affiliation University of Exeter Medical School, Epidemiology and Public Health Group, Barrack Road, Exeter, Devon, United Kingdom

Daniel Blankenberg

Roles Data curation

Affiliation Genomic Medicine Institute Lerner Research Institute Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America

Christian Brueffer

Roles Data curation

Affiliation Division of Oncology and Pathology, Department of Clinical Sciences Lund, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

Chunlin Xiao

Roles Data curation

Affiliation National Center for Biotechnology Information, National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Sree Rohit Raj Kolora

Roles Data curation

Affiliations German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany, Bioinformatics Group, Department of Computer Science, and Interdisciplinary Center for Bioinformatics, Universität Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany, Molecular Evolution and Systematics of Animals, Institute of Biology, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany

Noah Alexander

Roles Data curation

Affiliation Molecular Biology Institute, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Paul Wolujewicz

Roles Data curation

Affiliation Weill Cornell, Belfer Research Building, New York, New York, United States of America

Azza E. Ahmed

Roles Data curation

Affiliation Center for Bioinformatics and Systems Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Khartoum and Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan

Graeme Smith

Roles Data curation

Affiliation Guy's Hospital and St Thomas's NHS Foundation Trust Great Maze Pond, London, United Kingdom

Saadlee Shehreen

Roles Data curation

Affiliation Department of Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh

Aaron M. Wenger

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation

Affiliation Pacific Biosciences, Menlo Park, California, United States of America

Marc Salit

Roles Conceptualization, Resources, Supervision

Affiliations Biosystems and Biomaterials Division, Material Measurement Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, United States of America, The Joint Initiative for Metrology in Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Justin M. Zook

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Project administration, Resources, Supervision, Visualization, Writing – review & editing

justin.zook@nist.gov

Affiliation Biosystems and Biomaterials Division, Material Measurement Laboratory, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, United States of America

Competing Interests

AC is an employee of Google Inc. AC is a former employee of DNAnexus Inc. NN is an employee of Illumina Inc.