About the Authors

Giulio Ruffini

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Resources, Software, Supervision, Validation, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

giulio.ruffini@neuroelectrics.com.

Affiliations Neuroelectrics Corporation, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America, Neuroelectrics Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain, Starlab Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain

Ricardo Salvador

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Software, Visualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Neuroelectrics Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain

Ehsan Tadayon

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Visualization

Affiliation Berenson-Allen Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Roser Sanchez-Todo

Roles Conceptualization, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Neuroelectrics Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain

Alvaro Pascual-Leone

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Hinda and Arthur Marcus Institute for Aging Research and Center for Memory Health, Hebrew SeniorLife, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Guttmann Brain Health Institut, Institut Guttmann, Universitat Autonoma Barcelona, Spain, Department of Neurology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Emiliano Santarnecchi

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Methodology, Resources, Supervision, Validation, Visualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Berenson-Allen Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Competing Interests

I have read the journal's policy and the authors of this manuscript have the following competing interests: GR is cofounder of Neuroelectrics; RS and RS-T work at Neuroelectrics, a company that designs and produces EEG and tES solutions.